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Sidmouth Arboretum

Caring for the trees of the Sid Valley

Devon bank
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This is the current list of trees. More trees are added from time to time, and more information about existing trees is added from time to time. For more details on each tree click the green button with the tree number on.

You can download the list as a set of GPS waypoints by clicking here.
You can download the list as a CSV file for spreadsheets by clicking here.

Tree No.NameLocationPictureNotes
1001 Sweet Chestnut
Castanea sativa
The Byes
5.5m trunk
5.5m trunk
1001 Sweet Chestnut!
1001 Sweet Chestnut!
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The favourite tree of the Arboretum's President, Diana.  With a girth of about 5.5m, this tree could be between 200-250 years years old! wow
For more about Sweet Chestnuts click here.
1002 Giant Redwood
Sequoiadendron giganteum
Sidmouth, Redwood Road
1002-Giant Redwood
1002-Giant Redwood
At over 25m (80ft) this is an enormous tree by Sidmouth standards, but this is a baby compared to the Redwood named General Sherman in California, the most massive tree alive today.  The General is 84m (275ft) tall and has a girth of 31m (102ft).  Redwood Road is named after this tree.  More about Giant Redwoods if you click here.

1003 Copper Beech
Fagus sylvatica Purpurea
The Byes
1003 Copper Beech
1003 Copper Beech
About 50 years old and so a handy successor to the older trees on the nearby bank that succumbed to fungal attack last year.  It is important that we keep planting trees to ensure that future generations can enjoy as pleasant a townscape as we have today.  More about Copper Beeches if you click here.
1004 Copper Beech
Fagus sylvatica purpurea
The Byes
1004 Copper Beech
1004 Copper Beech
An odd shape, it looks as if the tree lost some branches near the top at some stage, but still a good tree.  With a girth of 180cm this tree is about 70 years old.  It should be around for many years yet but it is good that young trees are being planted because the time will come when it will not be there.  More about Copper Beech if you click here.
1005 English oak
Quercus robur
Byes, Gilchrist's Field
1005-English Oak Gilchrist
1005-English Oak Gilchrist
The quintessential tree of England, even the National Trust has it as its emblem.  Planted over centuries for their timber which was used for ship building and house frames.  Oaks support more other species, insects, birds, mammals and fungi, than any other UK tree.  
This large tree sits on an old hedge bank and is about 400 years old.
More about English Oak if you click here.
1006 English Oak
Quercus robur
Byes Gilchrist's Field
1006-English Oak Gilchrist
1006-English Oak Gilchrist
Another venerable giant, with a girth of about five and a half metres, this English Oak is probably over 350 years old and is registered as a veteran on the Woodland Trust Ancient Tree Register.
More about English Oaks if you click here.
1007 English Oak
Quercus robur
Byes Lane
1007-English Oak Byes Lane
1007-English Oak Byes Lane
Byes Lane is an old road/track bounded by Devon hedge banks with regular standard trees, usually Oaks, and the age of the oldest trees shows something about the age of the bank.  With a girth of over 4m this tree is well over two hundred years old, possibly much older because it was pollarded (cut off at head height) at some time and this slows the growth of the trunk.  Further south, tree 1005 on the bank beside Gilchrist's Field is possibly 400 years old.
More about English Oaks if you click here.
1008 English Oak
Quercus robur
Byes Lane
1008-English Oak Byes Lane
1008-English Oak Byes Lane
One of several large Oaks growing on the ancient bank that marks Byes Lane although not as old as the much larger Oak on the bank beside Gilchrist's Field, that tree is probably 400 years old.
More about English Oaks if you click here.
1009 Persian ironwood
Parrotia persica
Holmesley Nursing Home
1009-Persian Ironwood flowers
1009-Persian Ironwood flowers
Persian Ironwoods do come from Persia and their wood is very hard.  They make excellent ornamental trees for a garden, they grow to a small dome and have attractive red flowers in February and good autumn colour before the leaves drop.  More about Persian Ironwood trees if you click here.
1010 Lawson Cypress
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Pendula Vera
Sid Road Fortescue
1010-Lawson Cypress Pendula Vera
1010-Lawson Cypress Pendula Vera
Visible from the road, a narrow columnar form of Lawson Cypress.  More about Lawson Cypress if you click here.
1011 Service berry
Amelanchier lamarckii
Sidmouth, Beatlands
1011-Serviceberry fruit
1011-Serviceberry fruit
1011-Serviceberry flowers
1011-Serviceberry flowers
Decorative shrub with lovely white star-shaped flowers in March and sweet, edible berries in the autumn.  More about about Service Berries if you click here.
1012 Sycamore
Acer pseudoplatanus
The Byes
1012 Sycamore
1012 Sycamore
Growing on what looks like the remains of an old hedge bank.  More about Sycamore if you click here.
1013 Norway Maple
Acer platanoides
The Byes
1013 Norway Maple
1013 Norway Maple
A large specimen of this member of the Maple genus.  Distinguished from its cousin the Sycamore by the pointed lobes of the leaves rather like the leaf on the Canadian flag and the upturned flowers, Sycamore has rounded leaf lobes and flowers that hang down.  More about Norway Maple if you click here.
1014 Eucryphia
Eucryphyia sp.
Sidmouth, Sidlands
1014-Eucryphia
1014-Eucryphia
You can visit this garden during the Sidmouth In Bloom Open Gardens weekend.  More about Eucryphia if you click here.
1015 Lucombe oak
Quercus x hispanica
Sidmouth, Lymebourne Lane
1015-Lucombe Oak
1015-Lucombe Oak
In the 18th Century England was running out of mature oaks because so many were being felled to build warships.  Foreign oaks were imported in the hope of finding quicker growing trees.  An accidental cross between a Turkey and a Cork Oak was spotted in William Lucombe's Exeter nursery in 1762 which was non-deciduous.  It was propagated and many sold around the area.  More about Lucombe Oaks if you click here.
1016 Walnut
Juglans regia
The Byes
1016 Walnut
1016 Walnut
Rather hemmed in by the Sycamore, it will be interesting to see if this tree affects the young trees planted nearby because Walnuts exude a chemical that suppresses competing plants underneath.  Although called English walnut sometimes, it is not a native tree but it has been here since Roman times and is naturalised.  More about Walnut trees if you click here.
1017 Walnut
Juglans regia
The Byes
1017 Walnut
1017 Walnut
Planted with plenty of room to spread its rounded canopy, Walnuts are not native but an introduction of the Romans.  They have been with us so long, they are now naturalised.  Walnut was the fashionable wood for furniture in the 17th and 18th century but newly imported species such as Mahogany and Rosewood took over.  As foreign hardwoods are now under threat, Walnut is making a comeback and new plantations are being started across the country, although some of them use new hybrids of the Common and the Black Walnut.  More about Walnut trees if you click here.
1018 Common Lime
Tilia x europaea
The Byes
1018 Common Lime
1018 Common Lime
One of several Limes planted along the river 90-100 years ago.  An avenue of Limes has been planted along the path ready to succeed the old trees when their time is up.  Common Limes are nothing to do with citrus fruits, the name is a corruption of the old English name of Linden tree.  More about Common Lime if you click here.
1019 Common Lime
Tilia x europaea
The Byes
1019 Common Lime
1019 Common Lime
One of several Limes planted along the river 90-100 years ago.  An avenue of Limes has been planted along the path ready to succeed the old trees when their time is up.  Common Limes are nothing to do with citrus fruits, the name is a corruption of the old English name of Linden tree.  More about Common Lime if you click here.
1020 Myrtle
Myrtus communis
Sidmouth Parish Church
1020-Myrtle Churchyard
1020-Myrtle Churchyard
1020-Myrtle
1020-Myrtle
Native across the Mediterranean and all the way to India.  Grown for its fragrant flowers and fragrant oil.  More about Myrtles here.
1022 Cork oak
Quercus suber
Sidbury, High Street
1022-Cork Oak
1022-Cork Oak
Visible from the road but access is limited because it is in the garden of the Dower House, near the church.  The Cork Oak is an evergreen native of Spain.  Its thick bark has been harvested for centuries to be used in a variety of ways because of its properties.  It is soft, waterproof and it floats and has been used to cushion shoes, plug wine bottles and hold fishing nets afloat.  More about Cork Oak if you click here.
1023 Red oak
Quercus rubra
Roxborough Car Park
1023-Red Oak
1023-Red Oak
1023-Red Oak leaves
1023-Red Oak leaves
A large tree for such a restricted site, this native of the eastern USA can suffer from water stress because of the surrounding tarmac and this distorts the leaves.  Other Red Oaks, such as the large one by the car park in Knowle, show the usual large leaves up to 20cm (8ins) long with pointed lobes.  Red Oaks are planted for their autumn colour, as the name suggests, the leaves turn red.  In their native range the red can be brilliant, but our climate brings about a more muted copper colour.  More about Red Oaks if you click here.
1031 Maidenhair tree
Ginkgo biloba
Sidmouth, Sidmount, Station Road
1031-Ginkgo trunk
1031-Ginkgo trunk
1031-Ginkgo
1031-Ginkgo
Dating back before the dinosaurs, its common name refers to the leaves which are similar to the Adiantum, Maidenhair Fern.  Surrounded by lots of health mythology, it is actually poisonous.  This tree is claimed to be the second largest Ginkgo in the UK and the wonderfully gnarled trunk indicates the tree is well over 100 years old.  To get the scale, note the man standing by the tree in the picture.  More about Ginkgo if you click here.
1035 Hawthorn
Crataegus monogyna
Thorn, Salcombe Regis
1035 Salcombe Regis Thorn
1035 Salcombe Regis Thorn
1035-Salcombe Marker Stone
1035-Salcombe Marker Stone
Considered a very significant marker tree for the village that must be replaced if it dies.  You can watch a short video about the history if you click here.  
The current tree was planted recently to replace the tree featured in the video which, if you look closely, shows serious fungal attack.  More about Hawthorn Trees if you click here.
1040 Sweet chestnut
Castanea sativa
Powys, All Saints Road
1040-Chestnut
1040-Chestnut
An ancient giant supposed to be 600 years old, but this is difficult to verify, especially as the grounds are private and access is restricted. The stag's horn top is one of the characteristics of ancient trees.   More about Chestnuts if you click here.
1042 Weeping birch
Betula pendula
Masonic Hall, Sidmouth
1042-Birch
1042-Birch
Elegant trees famous for their white bark.  The two commonest weeping forms are Youngii or Tristis but we do not know which one this is.  More about Silver Birch if you click here.
1043 Horse Chestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
The Byes
1043 Horse Chestnut
1043 Horse Chestnut
From one side this looks a fine, open grown specimen, but it is fighting for space with the large Red Oak planted too close.  With a girth of about 2.5m, this tree is between 70 and 100 years old.  Sadly, some other Horse Chestnuts in the Lawns area have been lost to a combination of Bleeding Canker and Leaf Miner, but this tree seems to be in robust health and should be able to fight off infection.  More about Horse Chestnuts if you click here.
1044 Copper Beech
Fagus sylvatica Purpurea
The Byes
1044 Copper Beech nuts
1044 Copper Beech nuts
A young tree about 30 years old, rather swamped by the adjacent Red Oak and Limes and so growing tall quite quickly as it fights for light..  More about Copper Beech if you click here.
1045 Common Lime
Tilia x europea
The Byes
1045 Lime fruits
1045 Lime fruits
One of a line of Common Limes planted along the boundary wall about 100 years ago.  Common Limes have nothing to do with citrus fruits.  They are a hybrid between the two native Lime or Linden trees, Small Leaved and Large Leaved Limes, with heart shaped leaves intermediate in size.  Rather than being juicy, the fruits are small hard pods that hang in clusters under bracts that help them disperse with the wind.  More about Common Limes if you click here.
1046 Common Lime
Tilia x europaea
The Byes
1046 Limes
1046 Limes
One of a line of Common Limes planted along the boundary wall about 100 years ago.  Common Limes have nothing to do with citrus fruits.  They are a hybrid between the two native Lime or Linden trees, Small Leaved and Large Leaved Limes, with heart shaped leaves intermediate in size.  Rather than being juicy, the fruits are small hard pods that hang in clusters under bracts that help them disperse with the wind.  More about Common Limes if you click here.
1047 Red Oak
Quercus rubra
The Byes
1047 Red Oak
1047 Red Oak
A large tree fighting for space with the adjacent Horse Chestnut.  The girth of 277cm makes this tree about 200 years old.  Introduced from North America as a fast growing ornamental tree, its large leaves put on a good show of autumn colour.  The acorns are flatter than those from the English Oak, but squirrels like them just as much.  More about Red Oaks if you click here.
1048 Beech
Fagus sylvatica
The Byes
1048 Beech The Byes
1048 Beech The Byes
With a girth of more than 2m, this Beech is about 90 to 100 years old and stands on the line of an old field boundary bank.  It is tall and straight, that shows it grew up surrounded by other, now gone, trees.  There are many trees along this stretch of river that are in a similar state and are still clustered as a small copse.  More about Beech trees if you click here.
1049 Common Lime
Tilia x europaea
Cotmaton Road
1049 Common Lime
1049 Common Lime
A beautiful street tree with a spreading crown.  More about Common Lime if you click here.
1050 English Oak
Quercus robur
Manor Road
1050 English Oak Manor Road
1050 English Oak Manor Road
A grand specimen probably as old as the Belmont in whose garden it stands.  You can tell it is an English Oak by looking closely at the leaves,  They have a very short stem or petiole and there are two small tabs at the base of the leaf.  Also the acorns appear on a long stalk called a peduncle.  When the acorn has gone, the cupule looks like a small pipe that an elf might use.  More about English Oaks if you click here.
1051 Olive
Olea europaea
Heydons Lane
1051 Olive Tree
1051 Olive Tree
A gnarled old tree donated to Sidmouth in Bloom by the local garden centre when it was owned by Ian Barlow.  More about Olive Trees if you click here.
1052 Horse Chestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
The Byes
1052 Horse Chestnut
1052 Horse Chestnut
A young tree that is growing strongly just inside the community orchard.  More about Horse Chestnut trees if you click here.
1053 Grey Poplar
Populus x canescens
The Byes
1053 Grey Poplar
1053 Grey Poplar
A hybrid between the White Poplar and Aspen, the leaves are similar to aspen but covered in a grey down, and the petiole is stronger and so the leaves do not tremble like Aspen leaves.  The bark has characteristic lines of diamond shaped lenticels.  More about Grey Poplar if you click here.
1054 Grey Poplar
Populus x canescens
The Byes
1054 Grey Poplar
1054 Grey Poplar
A hybrid between the White Poplar and Aspen, the leaves are similar to aspen but covered in a grey down, and the petiole is stronger and so the leaves do not tremble like Aspen leaves.  The bark has characteristic lines of diamond shaped lenticels.  More about Grey Poplar if you click here.
1055 Grey Poplar
Populus x canescens
The Byes
1055 Grey Poplar
1055 Grey Poplar
A hybrid between the White Poplar and Aspen, the leaves are similar to aspen but covered in a grey down, and the petiole is stronger and so the leaves do not tremble like Aspen leaves.  The bark has characteristic lines of diamond shaped lenticels.  More about Grey Poplar if you click here.
1056 English Oak
Quercus robur
The Byes
1056 English Oak
1056 English Oak
A young tree about 30 years old that should outlast the Poplars that surround it, almost like a forest nurse crop.  More about the English Oak if you click here.
1057 Norway Maple
Acer platanoides Purpurea
The Byes
1057 Norway Maple
1057 Norway Maple
Rather thin growth because of the surrounding trees, this member of the Maple genus Acer has leaves similar to the Maple leaf on the Canadian flag with its pointed lobes.  It differs from its cousin the Sycamore because its flower sprays turn up while the Sycamore flowers hang down.  More about Norway Maple if click here.
1058 Sycamore
Acer pseudoplatanus
The Byes
1058 Bifurcated Sycamore
1058 Bifurcated Sycamore
The curious trunk of this tree was caused by damage to the main apical bud when the tree, probably self sown, was very young, possibly the mower clipped the top.  The next two buds, which occur in opposite pairs on most members of the Acer species, took over and produced the twin trunk.  Distinguished from its cousin the Norway Maple by the flower panicles that hang down.More about Sycamore if you click here.
1059 Japanese Keaki
Zelkova serrata
The Byes
1059 Zelkova serrata
1059 Zelkova serrata
1059 Zelkova leaves
1059 Zelkova leaves
One of several Zelkovas planted along this hedge as replacements for the Horse Chestnuts that used to stand here but have succumbed one by one to disease.  Zelkovas are in the Elm family, unfortunately that makes them slightly susceptible to Dutch Elm Disease.  Read more about Keaki by clicking here.
1060 Horse Chestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
The Byes
1060 Horse Chestnut Byes
1060 Horse Chestnut Byes
Two of a line of Horse Chestnuts planted alongside the hedge dividing the Byes and Hunter's Moon garden about 80 years ago, possibly to mark Annie Leigh Browne's death and her bequest of 20 acres of the Byes to the National Trust.  Several have had to be removed because of disease and the left hand one of this pair is struggling.  More about Horse Chestnuts if you click here.
1062 Horse Chestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
The Byes
1062 Horse Chestnut
1062 Horse Chestnut
One of a line of Horse Chestnuts planted alongside the hedge dividing the Byes and Hunter's Moon garden about 80 years ago, possibly to mark Annie Leigh Browne's death and her bequest of 20 acres of the Byes to the National Trust.  Several have had to be removed because of disease but this tree looks healthy, for now.  More about Horse Chestnuts if you click here.
1063 Horse Chestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
The Byes
1063 Horse Chestnut
1063 Horse Chestnut
One of a line of Horse Chestnuts planted alongside the hedge dividing the Byes and Hunter's Moon garden about 80 years ago, possibly to mark Annie Leigh Browne's death and her bequest of 20 acres of the Byes to the National Trust.  Several have had to be removed because of disease but this tree looks healthy, for now.  More about Horse Chestnuts if you click here.
1064 Red Oak
Quercus rubra
The Byes
1064 Red Oak catkins
1064 Red Oak catkins
Smaller than the one in the opposite corner of the Lawns area about 40-50 years old.  An American import, as the name suggests, the large leaves of this tree put on a good display of autumn colour.  In its native range it is a brilliant red in September, but our climate doesn't allow the chemical changes to run so well and we get a muted display of orange red turning to copper.  More about Red Oak if you click here.
1065 English Oak
Quercus robur
The Byes
1065 English Oak
1065 English Oak
A young tree, 35-40 years old, but it is in a good site and should flourish for several hundred years.  More about English Oak if you click here.
1066 Common Lime
Tilia x europaea
Sid Road
1066 Common Lime
1066 Common Lime
Standing alone, you can fully appreciate this tree which is about the same age as the line of Limes across the road in The Byes.  More about Common Lime if you click here.
1067 Rowan
Sorbus aucuparia
Hunter's Moon
1067 Rowan flowers
1067 Rowan flowers
Dwarfed by the Foxglove Tree, this young Rowan has a slightly weeping habit.  More about Rowan if you click here.
1068 Sycamore
Acer pseudoplatanus
The Byes
1068 Sycamore
1068 Sycamore
One of the many Sycamores that have self sown and been allowed to grow in this part of the Byes.  The girth of nearly 2m indicates an age of about 50 years.  Apart from the leaf colour, this tree can be distinguished from the nearby Norway Maple by the flowers and samara fruits, in Sycamore they hang down, in Norway Maple they stand up.  More about Sycamore if you click here.
1069 Bird Cherry
Prunus padus
The Byes
1069 Bird Cherry
1069 Bird Cherry
A delightful member of the cherry family with long panicles of white flowers hanging down in April.  The almond scented flowers are very popular with insects. The flowers give way to small,black cherries too bitter for us but a treat for birds.  More about Bird Cherry if you click here.
1070 Hornbeam
Carpinus betulus
The Byes
1070 Hornbeam
1070 Hornbeam
A young tree that has been given plenty of space to grow.  It is already old enough to be producing seeds in the strings of dangling samaras that look rather like Christmas decorations, but not yet old enough for the sinuous streaking to develop on the bark.  More about Hornbeams if you click here.
1071 Keaki, Japanese Elm
Zelkova serrata
1071 Japanese Keaki
1071 Japanese Keaki
One of a line of four of these members of the Elm family from Japan.  The are closely related to the Caucasian Elms found in the Lawns area but the leaves are more serrated, hence the Latin name, and they have a flat, spreading crown.  More about Keaki if you click here.
1072 Camperdown Elm
Ulmus glabra Camperdownii
Salter's Meadow
1072 Camperdown Elm tangle
1072 Camperdown Elm tangle
1072 Camperdown Elm samaras
1072 Camperdown Elm samaras
Local residents tell me that this tree was planted in 1971 when the bungalows were built.  As children, they called it the umbrella tree and played inside the branch tent.  A mass of twisted branches branches in winter, splattered with pale green seed samaras in late spring, and clothed in dark green leaves that are rough to touch and have the characteristic Elm lop-sided bottom.  This cultivar of the Wych Elm was first discovered on the Camperdown estate near Dundee in Victorian times.  As it doesn't grow to be very tall, it is missed usually by the beetles that carry Dutch Elm Disease which fly above heights of 5m.  More about Camperdown Elm if you click here.
1073 Silver Birch
Betula pendula
Salter's Meadow
1073 Birch Salters Meadow
1073 Birch Salters Meadow
A well developed tree growing in plenty of space.  With a girth of nearly 2m, this tree was probably planted about 1950 and local residents tell me the first houses were built in 1948.  The nearby Camperdown Elm was planted in 1971 when the bungalows were built.  Easily recognised from the white bark, there is more about Silver Birch if you click here.
1074 Beech
Fagus sylvatica
The Byes
1074 Beech snag
1074 Beech snag
With a girth of 372cm, this tree is between 190-210 years old.  Obviously, it was much taller than now but it has been attacked by fungus and had to be reduced for safety.  There was an equally large tree beside it which was felled completely.  They are on an old field boundary, possibly they were part of a beech hedge that was left to grow.  The tree workers have turned the old tree into what is called a standing snag, dead wood left as a habitat for wildlife.  The carving at the top is like a wind snapped tree, the clean cuts will weather down steadily.  More about Beech trees if you click here.
1075 Sycamore
Acer pseudoplatanus
The Byes
1075 Sycamore
1075 Sycamore
1075 Sycamore flowers
1075 Sycamore flowers
With a girth of two and a half metres, this tree is probably 60-70 years old, the oldest Sycamore in the area and possibly the parent of many of the others as the winged samaras helicoptered seeds on the wind.  In spring, note the racemes of green yellow flowers that hang down, unlike its nearby cousin the Norway Maple whose flowers are held up.  
More about Sycamore if you click here.
1076 Whitebeam
Sorbus aria
Sidmouth Cemetery
1076 Whitebeam
1076 Whitebeam
1076 Whitebeam flowers
1076 Whitebeam flowers
A pair of beautiful trees that open their silvery leaves in late April.  The silver is a coat of tiny wax scales.  As the leaves lose the waxy coat to reveal their pale green colour the pure white flowers open in multiple panicles.  In autumn the leaves change colour as the berries redden as a signal to the birds that they are ready to be eaten.  More about Whitebeam if you click here.
1077 Bird Cherry
Prunus padus
Sidmouth Cemetery
1077 Bird Cherry cemetery
1077 Bird Cherry cemetery
1077 Bird Cherry flower racemes
1077 Bird Cherry flower racemes
Unusual among cherries, the flowers of the Bird Cherry hang in thick racemes like white foxtails.  The flowers are very fragrant and a rich source of food for insects.  The flowers develop into small black cherries, too bitter for humans, they are enjoyed by birds as a good winter food.  More about Bird Cherry if you click here.
1078 Japanese Cherry
Prunus serulata
Sidmouth Cemetery
1078 Japanese Cherry
1078 Japanese Cherry
1078 plaque
1078 plaque
A large tree that is a ball of white flowers in spring.  There are many varieties of Japanese Cherry but we are unsure which this is.  The bark of the trunk has the characteristic stripes of the cherry family.  In late summer there is a profusion of dark cherries, but they are very sour and fit only for bird food.  More about Japanese Cherry if you click here.
1079 Vine Leaved Maple
Acer cissifolium
Sidmouth Cemetery
1079 Vine Leaved Maple
1079 Vine Leaved Maple
1079 Vine Leaved Maple samaras
1079 Vine Leaved Maple samaras
Planted too close to the edge, this tree was falling over at one stage but the canopy has corrected itself as it spread.  An unusual Maple for two reasons, it has trifoliate (three leaflets) leaves and the winged fruits hang down in long racemes.  It is called the Vine leaved Maple because the leaves are similar to those of the Cissus Vine.  The hanging strings of fragrant yellow flowers open in early April and then develop into the double winged fruits known as samaras that are usual for the Acer genus.  More about Vine Leaved Maple if you click here.
1080 Winters Bark
Drimys winterii
Sidmouth Cemetery
1080 Winters Bark
1080 Winters Bark
A beautiful aromatic shrub from Chile found to fight scurvy among sailors when Francis Drake and John Wynter landed in Patagonia in 1577-8 and found that locals ate the highly aromatic leaves and bark of a shrub they called Chachaca to stave off a similar condition.
Later botanists gave the plant the scientific name Drimys which means astringent, and winteri to acknowledge Wynter's part in the story.
Now grown for its ornamental value, more about Drimys if you click here.
1081 Hornbeam
Carpinus betulus
Sidmouth Cemetery
1081 Hornbeam
1081 Hornbeam
Standing like a twisted gatepost at the side entrance to the cemetery.  Hornbeam have very hard wood which was used to make parts for the machinery in mills.  More about Hornbeam if you click here.
1082 Western Red Cedar
Thuja plicata Zebrina?
Sidmouth Cemetery
1082 Thuja plicata Zebrina
1082 Thuja plicata Zebrina
1082 WRC Zebrina cones
1082 WRC Zebrina cones
A golden cultivar of Western Red Cedar, possibly Zebrina. Superficially similar to some Lawson Cypress cultivars but the upturned seed cones like small tulips distinguish it, Cypresses have ball shaped seed cones. This cultivar seems to be a squat form of a species that can grow quickly to a huge size. More about Western Red Cedar if you click here.
1083 Midland Hawthorn
Crataegus laevigata
Sidmouth Cemetery
1083 Midland Hawthorn
1083 Midland Hawthorn
A rather sickly specimen of this British native.  More about Midland Hawthorn if you click here.
1084 Pittosporum
Pittosporum tenuifolium
Sidmouth Cemetery
1084 Pittosporum
1084 Pittosporum
1084 Pittosporum
1084 Pittosporum
Usually grown for the attractive evergreen foliage. This visitor from the southern hemisphere which has small purple flowers that emit a strong fragrance at night to attract moths.  The flowers develop into small hard fruits and the seeds inside are very sticky which probably helps with dispersal by sticking to animal fur.  More about Kohuhu if you click here.
1085 Rowan
Sorbus aucuparia
Sidmouth Cemetery
1085 Rowan
1085 Rowan
A neat, rounded crown that is spattered with the flat topped bunches or corymbs of white flowers in late April and early May.  These give way to bunches of red berries that are a great source of winter food for birds.  There are many superstitions around Rowans and it is considered unlucky to chop one down.  More about Rowan from the Woodland Trust.
1086 Red Horse Chestnut
Aesculus x carnea
Sidmouth Cemetery
1086 Red Horse Chestnut
1086 Red Horse Chestnut
1086 Red Horse Chestnut flowers
1086 Red Horse Chestnut flowers
A hybrid between Horse Chestnut and its cousin the Red Buckeye.  There is a large Yellow Buckeye near the Chapel.  The hybrid is unusual because it produces fertile seeds.  More about Red Horse Chestnut including information about why it produces fertile seeds if you click here.
1087 Variegated Sycamore
Acer pseudoplatanus variegatum
Sidmouth Cemetery
1087 Variegated Sycamore
1087 Variegated Sycamore
1087 Sycamore variegated leaves
1087 Sycamore variegated leaves
A splash of light in this dark corner.  Sycamores are not native to Britain but they have been with us a long time and become naturalised, a part of nature.  Many insects feed on the nectar rich flowers and the leaves.  This one has variegated leaves which means patches of the leaves are white because they lack chlorophyll.  More about Sycamore if you click here.
1088 Fastigiate Oak
Quercus robur fastigiata Koster
Sidmouth Cemetery
1088 Fastigiate Oak
1088 Fastigiate Oak
At first glance you might be surprised to find that this is an English Oak.  It is an unusual form called fastigiate which means the branches point upwards keeping close to the trunk, but the leaves and acorns are the usual form to confirm it is an English Oak.  Apparently there is a very large one at Bicton.  More about Fastigiate Oak if you click here.
1089 Aspen
Populus tremula
Peasland Knapp
1089 Aspen in spring
1089 Aspen in spring
Tall and straight, this member of the Poplar family gets its scientific name from the leaves which appear to tremble in the slightest breeze because the stalks or petioles are very thin.  The leaves are a shiny bronze when they first open in spring.  More about Aspen from the Woodland Trust.
1090 English Oak
Quercus robur
Peasland Knapp
1090 Young English Oak
1090 Young English Oak
A young tree about 15 years old with plenty of room to develop into a well formed tree.  More about English Oak from the Woodland Trust.
1091 Cappadocian Maple
Acer cappadocicum
Peasland Knapp
1091 Cappadocian Maples
1091 Cappadocian Maples
Quite why we have three of these visitors from Turkey in the middle of the Knapp is a mystery, they might be a hangover from when the whole Knapp was part of the garden of Bohemia Villa.  They sucker vigorously to form a dense rounded mass.  More about Cappadocian Maple if you click here.
1092 English Oak
Quercus robur
Peasland Knapp
1092 English Oak
1092 English Oak
A young tree about 25 years old.  It is surrounded by Maples that will draw it up as a tall rather than a rounded specimen.  Click for more about English Oak from the Woodland Trust.
1093 Lawson Cypress
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana
Sidmouth Cemetery
1093 Lawson Cypress
1093 Lawson Cypress
It has formed a beautiful cone but, if it had not been cut back when young, it would be a huge tree by now.  More about Lawson Cypress if you click here.
1094 Italian Cypress
Cupressus sempervirens
Sidmouth Cemetery
1094 Italian Cypress
1094 Italian Cypress
An avenue of the columnar form of this tree from the Mediterranean.  The seed cones are much larger than many other Cypress trees and weigh down the erect branches.  More about Italian Cypress if you click here.
1095 Hornbeam
Carpinus betulus
Peasland Knapp
1095 Hornbeam avenue
1095 Hornbeam avenue
A line of young Hornbeams alongside the footpath.  There are many Hornbeams on the Knapp, many self sown, but these half dozen were clearly planted deliberately, perhaps intended as a hedge but it was not maintained.  More about Hornbeam if you click here.
1096 Scots Pine
Pinus sylvestris
Peasland Knapp
1096 Scots Pine
1096 Scots Pine
A stand of Scots Pine that is about 50 years old.  They are slightly younger than the tree by Knapp Pond but they have grown taller because they are crowded for space and they have fought to reach the light.  They show the characteristic orange bark high up the trunk.  More about Scots Pine if you click here.
1097 Norway Maple
Acer platanoides Purpurea
The Byes
1097 Norway Maple
1097 Norway Maple
A young tree that is growing upwards rather than spreading outwards because it is close to the Grey Alder.  More about Norway Maple if you click here.
1098 Copper Beech
Fagus sylvatica Purpurea
Victoria Hospital car park
1098 Copper Beech hospital
1098 Copper Beech hospital
With a girth of 230cm, this tree is about 95 years old and was possibly planted when the enlarged hospital was opened by Lady Balfour in August 1930.  The hospital grounds are excluded from the surrounding conservation which automatically protects the trees, but this tree has its own tree preservation order.  More about Copper Beech if you click here.
1099 Japanes Maple
Acer palmatum
Sidmouth Cemetery
1099 Inside the canopy
1099 Inside the canopy
1099 Japanese Maple
1099 Japanese Maple
A very dense small tree with tangled and twisted branches if you look inside the canopy of deep purple palmate (hand shaped) leaves which have their glorious colour throughout the summer, turning bright red in autumn.  More about Japanese Maples if you click here.
1100 Midland Hawthorn
Crataegus laevigata Paul's Scarlet
Victoria Hospital car park
1100 Midland Hawthorn
1100 Midland Hawthorn
A form of this British native species with red double flowers instead of the usual white ones.  Easiest spot the difference with the Common Hawthorn is the leaves, Midland leaves usually have three lobes, Common hawthorn leaves usually have at least five lobes.  More about Midland Hawthorn if you click here.
1101 Silver Maple
Acer saccharinum
Knowle Council Offices driveway
1101-Silver Maple
1101-Silver Maple
A large tree that dominates the entrance driveway to the Knowle.  This tree is probably about 90 years old.  The leaves are silver underneath and put on a glorious display of autumn colour.  More about Silver Maple if you click here.
1102 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Knowle
1102-Monterey Pine
1102-Monterey Pine
1102-Monterey Pine
1102-Monterey Pine
Sidmouth Town Tree Trail no. 15. Knowle Tree Survey no. 93. Heritage tree. The sprawling branches show that this tree began life in open space, unlike tree 1208 on the list.  More info at the Gymnosperm Database
1103 Wollemi Pine
Wollemia nobilis
Belmont Hotel
1103-Wollemi Pine
1103-Wollemi Pine
Donated by Mr and Mrs Roberts.  Wollemi Pines were thought to have been extinct for millions of years, but in 1994 a Park Ranger, David Noble, discovered a group in a deep ravine in the Wollemi National Park in New South Wales.  More about Wollemi Pines if you click here.
1104 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Knowle
1104-Monterey Pine
1104-Monterey Pine
Planted in the early 1980s, this tree was damaged early on and developed a double trunk which is often a weakness in trees.  In 2014 a storm found the weakness and split the tree.  Knowle Tree Survey No. 96. Big branch fell off January 2014.  More about Monterey Pines at the Gymnosperm Database.
1105 Eucalyptus
Eucalyptus gunnii
The Byes, near Jubilee Gardens
1105-Eucalyptus gunnii
1105-Eucalyptus gunnii
Quick growing import from Australia that stands tall and straight, head and shoulders above all the other trees in this area even though it is probably no older.  The bark has characteristic strips peeling off which may help protect the trees in bush fires.  More about Eucalypts if you click here.
1106 Small Leaved Lime
Tilia cordata
Byes near Jubilee Gardens
1106-Small Leaved Lime
1106-Small Leaved Lime
One of three in this plantation, but nothing to do with citrus fruits, Small Leaved Limes are one of the two native Limes that hybridised to produce the Common Lime that graces so many parks and avenues around England including The Knowle and Bickwell Valley in Sidmouth.  The flowers are very rich in nectar and attract many insects.  The subsequent fruits have a large bract that helps them to be dispersed by the wind.  More about Small Leaved Lime if you click here.
1107 Fastigiate Hornbeam
Carpinus betulus Fastigiata
The Knowle, entrance driveway, Sidmouth
1107-Hornbeam Fruits
1107-Hornbeam Fruits
1107-Fastigiate Hornbeam
1107-Fastigiate Hornbeam
One of three along the Knowle driveway, this is a fastigiate (multi-stemmed) form of the British native tree.  Hornbeam means hard wood in old English and the timber is the hardest of any European tree.  Amog other things it was used for butcher's blocks.  The fruits have a three pointed bract that allows dispersal by the wind.  More about Hornbeam if you click here.
1108 Judas Tree
Cercis siliquastrum
The Knowle, entrance driveway, Sidmouth
1108 Cercis siliquastrum
1108 Cercis siliquastrum
1108-Judas Tree flowers
1108-Judas Tree flowers
Knowle Tree Survey No. 3.  The common name of Judas Tree may come from the myth that it was a Cercis from which Judas Iscariot hanged himself.  The myth also claims the trees flowers represent the tree being covered with blood at Easter.  The flowers, which open before the leaves, show this to be a member of the Pea family. More about Judas Trees if you click here.
1109 Horse chestnut
Aesculus sp.
Kennaway House, Sidmouth
1109 Red Horse Chestnut flowers
1109 Red Horse Chestnut flowers
1109 Horse Chestnuts Kennaway
1109 Horse Chestnuts Kennaway
A line of mature Horse Chestnuts of two kinds, the common Conker Tree, Aesculus hippocastanum, and the Red Flowered version Aesculus x carnea, which is a hybrid between the common species and the American Red Buckeye, Aesculus pavia.  With girths of 250cm, the white flowered Conker trees are about 90 years old.  Although smaller, the Red trees do not grow to be as big and so they might be the same age. Sidmouth Tree Trail No 1.  More about Horse Chestnuts if you click here, and Red Horse Chestnuts here.
1110 Mulberry
Morus nigra
Knapp Pond
1110-Black Mulberry
1110-Black Mulberry
1110 Black Mulberry Knapp Pond
1110 Black Mulberry Knapp Pond
This tree is one of a group of exotic fruits planted in spring 2014, donated by Dame Julia Slingo, Patron of Sidmouth Arboretum. Others include fig and apricot.  More about Mulberries if you click here.
1111 Red maple
Acer rubrum Brandywine
Long Park, Sidmouth
1111-Red Maple
1111-Red Maple
Donated and planted by Hugh Angus, dendrologist consultant to Sidmouth Arboretum. Hugh is former Curator at Westonbirt, The National Arboretum in Gloucestershire; and a world expert on maples.
More about Red Maple if you click here.
1112 Rowan
Sorbus aucuparia Joseph Rock
Sid Road, Sidmouth
1112-Rowan Joseph Rock
1112-Rowan Joseph Rock
1112-Joseph Rock
1112-Joseph Rock
Donated by Sidmouth Garden Centre and planted in 2014.
A colourful variety of Rowan with yellow berries and rich autumn colour in the leaves, named after the American plant hunter of the same name who was a colourful character himself.  More about Sorbus aucuparia Joseph Rock if you click here.
1113 Maidenhair tree
Ginkgo biloba
Sid Road, Sidmouth
1113-Ginkgo leaves
1113-Ginkgo leaves
Fastigiate form of ginkgo, planted 2014 but still not fully established.  Ginkgo trees have fossil ancestors dating back over 200 million years to the Jurassic.  They are very primitive with pollen that releases a swimming gamete rather than growing a fertilisation tube to the female ovule as all other trees do.  More about Ginkgo if you click here.
1114 Cornelian cherry
Cornus mas
Conservative Club, Sidmouth
1114-Cornelian Cherry flowers
1114-Cornelian Cherry flowers
Mostly ignored, but mass of yellow flower in March, which can be seen from the pavement outside.  
A Dogwood rather than a true cherry but the fruits are edible when ripe.  The wood from the Cornelian Cherry is so dense it will sink in water.  It is also very hard and was used to make spears in ancient times.
More about Cornelian Cherry if you click here.
1115 Monkey puzzle
Araucaria araucana
Barrington Villa, Salcombe Road
1115-Araucaria
1115-Araucaria
Eye catching conifer with drooping cones (summer 2014)- viewable from pavement. This tree is male as can be seen from the cones.  Visit the avenue of monkey puzzle trees which lead up to Bicton College to see female cones.  More about these primitive trees if you click here.
1116 Queensland Bottle Tree
Brachychiton rupestris
Connaught Gardens, Sidmouth
1116-Queensland Bottle Tree
1116-Queensland Bottle Tree
The Queensland Bottle Tree is named from the shape of the trunk of the mature tree which looks like a huge bottle.  It is not normally hardy in UK, this tree outgrew its space in the glasshouse of Blackmore Gardens and was moved, courtesy of EDDC Parks Officer, Mark Pollard, to take its chance at Connaught Gardens. Winter 2013/4 was mild.  It needed a severe prune after the Beast From The East in February 2018 but is growing back happily.  More about Bottle Trees if you click here.
1117 Cherry plum
Prunus cerasifera
Balfour Manor roadside
1117 Cherry Plum
1117 Cherry Plum
Not a plum at all, but an ornamental spring flowering cherry. This group of three were planted February 2014, under the guidance of Edward Willis Fleming, with thanks to Balfour Manor residents.  More about Cherry Plum if you click here.
1118 Kowhai
Sophora tetraptera
Manor Road
1118-Kowhai
1118-Kowhai
This very sheltered private garden has fine example of this New Zealand origin tree, flowering in May.  More about Kowhai if you click here.
1119 Monterey pine
Pinus radiata
Woodlands Hotel, Sidmouth
1119-Monterey Pine
1119-Monterey Pine
A mature pine planted probably in late Victorian times at height of fashion for plant hunters introducing new species. New owners 2013 have remodelled the garden and maintained trees but this gentle giant has had to be pruned to avoid dropping large branches onto the road.  More about Monterey Pines if you click here.
1120 Weeping elm
Ulmus glabra Camperdownii
off Cotmaton Road, Sidmouth
1120-Camperdown Elm
1120-Camperdown Elm
Beautiful and unusual elm, under threat from car parking.    Camperdown Elms are a variant or sport of the Wych Elm, the first one was noted in the forest of Camperdown House near Dundee in the 1830s.  Cuttings were taken and raised for commercial sale.  There is another one, tree 1322, outside the Library, enjoyed by small children under its canopy.
More about Camperdown Elm if you click here.
1121 Lily Tree
Magnolia denudata
Magnolia Cottage, Coburg Road, Sidmouth
1121-Magnolia
1121-Magnolia
Beautiful mature tree given space to develop its natural shape.  A glorious site when in full flower in March and then again with a second flush in May - in private garden but fully visible from the road.  More about Magnolia if you click here.
1122 Tulip tree
Liriodendron tulipifera
Knowle Park, Sidmouth
1122-Tulip Tree Flower
1122-Tulip Tree Flower
Tulip Trees are botanically primitive, they are related to Magnolias and are found in the fossils from the Cretaceous period 70 million years ago.
This fine specimen was growing in a garden in Temple St in 1976, it was moved to Knowle as a 4ft sapling when the owner, Lorna Lever (formerly Mrs Humberstone) moved to Harcombe Lane.  The slope allows flowers to be seen at eye level in June.
More about Tulip Trees here.
1123 Field maple
Acer campestre
In hedgerow, just north of Sidbury Tree Trail route
1123-Field Maple Samara
1123-Field Maple Samara
Field maple is very adaptable, can be grown as tree, or hedge or coppiced. This is a venerable tree.
More about Field Maple if you click here.
1124 Beech
Fagus sylvatica
Track footpath alongside Golf Course on Muttersmoor.
1124-Beech Muttersmoor Road
1124-Beech Muttersmoor Road
1124-Beech Muttersmoor Road
1124-Beech Muttersmoor Road
A fine row of mature beech topping the old Devon Hedge banks along the lane.  They probably started as just part of the hedge but were left to develop into trees.  Some were coppiced earlier and have grown as multi-stemmed trunks.  The two sides of the lane seem to have been planted at different times.  The East side trees seem to be about 100 years old but the west side has several that are 150-180 years old.  
More about Beech if you click here.
1125 Copper beech
Fagus sylvatica f. purpurea
Muttersmoor - Keble's Seat
1125-John Keble
1125-John Keble
1125-Beech planting ceremony
1125-Beech planting ceremony
Three copper beech saplings were planted at a ceremony in March 2014, attended by Lord Clinton (Clinton Devon Estates) and Sir Jonathan Phillips, Warden of Keble College, Oxford. The nearby Keble's Seat is attributed to the view over to Dartmoor, which inspired Christian poet and hymn writer John Keble.  Keble College, Oxford was named in his memory.  
More about Copper Beech if you click here.
1126 Foxglove tree
Paulownia tomentosa
Hunters Moon Hotel, Sidmouth
1126-Foxglove Tree
1126-Foxglove Tree
1126-Foxglove Tree flowers
1126-Foxglove Tree flowers
1126-Foxglove Tree-April 2020
1126-Foxglove Tree-April 2020
Called the Foxglove tree because in late April it is covered in large, pale lilac flowers that look like foxgloves to which is related distantly.  This tree flowered for the first time May 2014, at 6 years after planting. When the flowers finish the huge leaves open. More about Paulownia if you click here.
1127 Holm oak
Quercus ilex
The Byes, Sidmouth
1127-Holm Oaks
1127-Holm Oaks
1127-Holm acorns
1127-Holm acorns
One of a pair of majestic Holm Oaks, echoes of 19th century planting, when the land was donated for public access by Annie Leigh Browne.
Holm Oak is old English for Holly Oak, the leaves are evergreen and on young trees they have spines, but it is an Oak because it bears acorns.  More about Holm Oaks if you click here.
1128 Tulip tree
Liriodendron tulipifera
Belvedere, Hillside, Sidmouth
1128-Tulip Tree flower
1128-Tulip Tree flower
Previously an hotel, these apartments benefit from mature garden trees and more recent Scots pine plantings, bordering Beatlands Road.  More about Tulip trees here.
1129 Pineapple guava
Acca sellowiana
Blackmore Gardens, wall by Health Centre
1129-guava immature fruit
1129-guava immature fruit
The spindly and lop-sided shrub/tree on the right of the gap in the wall.  Previously called Feijoa, this wall shrub demonstrates the warm Sidmouth micro climate. Next to it is the thorny Japanese bitter orange, Poncirus trifoliata.  More about Pineapple Guava if you click here.
1131 Small leaf lime
Tilia cordata
Knowle Parkland
1131-Small Leaf Lime flowers
1131-Small Leaf Lime flowers
1131-Small Leaf Lime autumn
1131-Small Leaf Lime autumn
Donated by Ian Barlow, Sidmouth Garden Centre, and planted with help of volunteers November 2013.  The more common European Lime is a hybrid of the Small Leaved and Large Leaved Lime.  More info at the Woodland Trust
1132 English oak
Quercus robur
Recreation Field by Scout HouseSalcombe Regis
1132-English Oak Scout Field
1132-English Oak Scout Field
Donated by Mrs Carolyn Showering in 2015, the king of trees,  it will grow to rule over this ground and last several centuries hopefully.
More about English Oaks if you click here.
1133 Red Oak
Quercus rubra
The Byes near Jubilee Gardens
1133 Red Oak Byes Lane
1133 Red Oak Byes Lane
1133-Red Oak autumn leaves
1133-Red Oak autumn leaves
Planted widely in Devon, Red Oaks have a rich red autumn colour in their natural range of the eastern United States but, in our climate, the very large leaves tend to go a copper colour.  
More about Red Oaks if you click here.
1134 Field Maple
Acer campestre
Jubilee Gardens
1134-Field Maple samara
1134-Field Maple samara
1134 Field Maple Jubilee Gdns
1134 Field Maple Jubilee Gdns
Probably planted when the development was built, this native tree is a common inhabitant of hedgerows and rarely gets to grow as a full sized tree.  Sometimes confused with Sycamore because, as with all members of the genus Acer, Field Maples have seeds enclosed in a double winged samara that encourages seed dispersal by wind.  The Field Maple samara has the wings spread almost at 180 degrees while Sycamores have them at about 60 degrees.  
More about Field Maples if you click here.
1135 Walnut
Juglans regia
Jubilee Gardens
1135 Walnut Jubilee Gdns
1135 Walnut Jubilee Gdns
1135-Walnuts
1135-Walnuts
1135 Walnut Jubilee Gdns.jpg
1135 Walnut Jubilee Gdns.jpg
A fine tree grown with plenty of room to develop, possibly in a former orchard which is why it is next to a mature apple tree.  Although it does flower and walnuts develop, you are unlikely harvest walnuts from this tree because the squirrels get there first.  Not a true native, Walnut trees were introduced so long ago by the Romans that they have become naturalised.
More about Walnut trees if you click here.
1136 Apple
Malus x domestica
Jubilee Gardens
1136 Apple Jubilee Gdns
1136 Apple Jubilee Gdns
Presumably a remnant of an old orchard because this tree, along with the adjacent Walnut, is older than the surrounding houses.  It is not clear which variety but it might be James Grieve, a dual purpose cooker/eater.  More about Apple Trees if you click here.
1137 Sweet Gum
Liquidambar styraciflua
Primley Gardens-Byes Lane
1137-Liquidambar
1137-Liquidambar
In a private back garden, but this fine tree is visible from outside.  It is particularly noticeable in November when it bursts into its fiery autumn display.
Another native of North America where it is an important commercial hardwood tree, the sweet gum or styrax that leaks from the bark is extracted and used in the perfume industry and the actual timber is used for furniture and plywood veneer.
More about Sweet Gums if you click here.
1138 English Oak
Quercus robur
Byes Lane by Primley Gardens
1138-English Oak Byes Lane
1138-English Oak Byes Lane
One of several Oaks planted about 150 years ago on the ancient hedge bank alongside Byes Lane.
More about English Oaks if you click here.
More about Devon's fantastic ancient hedges if you click here.
1139 Turkey Oak
Quercus cerris
The Byes
1139-Turkey Oak autumn
1139-Turkey Oak autumn
This Turkey Oak is one of the many trees planted around The Byes to commemorate a loved one, in this case it is George Mullan.
More about Turkey Oaks if you click here.
1140 Maple
Acer sp.
The Byes
1140-Red Maple
1140-Red Maple
One of the many memorial trees planted in The Byes.  This Maple commemorates Mr and Mrs Gerrard.  Acers come in a wide range and, unfortunately, we do not know which species this is, but the tree looks like it could be a Red Maple, Acer rubrum.  More about Maples if you click here.
1141 Sweet Chestnut
Castanea sativa
The Byes
1141-Chestnut
1141-Chestnut
A young tree that will replace the veteran Chestnut 1001 next door one day, by which time its trunk will have developed the characteristic spiral twist.  Such successional planting is vital if areas such as The Byes are to as beautiful for future generations.
More about Chestnuts if you click here.
1142 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Cliff Road
1142-Monterey Pines
1142-Monterey Pines
A line of four Monterey Pines that dominate the Beatlands area.  Probably planted about 100 years ago as part of the extensive grounds that have now been sold off as smaller plots.  Classic domed canopy and the large cones retained for years waiting for a brush fire to clear the ground but that will not come because they are not growing in their native California hills.
More about Monterey Pines if you click here.
1143 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Beatlands Road
1143-Monterey Pine
1143-Monterey Pine
One of several large Monterey Pines whose dome shaped canopies and craggy trunks dominate the hillside, all planted about 100 years ago when the Beatlands area was the park around Salcombe Hill House, now Belvedere Court.
More about Monterey Pines if you click here.

1144 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Alma Lane
1144-Monterey Pines
1144-Monterey Pines
A stand of large Monterey Pines, part of the shelter belt planted around Coobe Lodge, formerly the aptly named Pinelands.  Visible from several points on surrounding roads, the trees are in a large private garden.
More about Monterey Pines if you click here.
1145 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Mount Pleasant Hotel
1145-Monterey Pine
1145-Monterey Pine
One of several large Monterey Pines that dominate the Beatlands area, probably planted about 100 years ago when it was all part of the estate of Salcombe Hill House, now Belvedere Court.
More about Monterey Pines if you click here.
1146 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Hunter's Moon
1146-Monterey Pine
1146-Monterey Pine
Every large house in this area seems to have planted Monterey Pines about 100 years ago, there are several across the Beatlands area of Salcombe Hill.  With a girth of over 5m, this tree is probably about 140 years old.  Easily identified by the dark green domed canopy and the large cones that are retained on the upper branches.  If you pick up some of the dropped needles you will see they come in threes.
More about Monterey Pines if you click here.
1147 English Oak
Quercus robur
Hillside Road
1147-English Oak
1147-English Oak
Marking the corner of Hillside Road and Southway this fine tree stands just inside a private garden but it can be appreciated from the road.  More about English Oaks if you click here.
1148 English Oak
Quercus robur
Hillside Road
1148-English Oak
1148-English Oak
1148 English Oak-Hillside.JPG
1148 English Oak-Hillside.JPG
In a private garden but easily visible from the road.  This tree was probably pollarded some time ago to keep it in check.
More about English Oaks if you click here.
1149 English Oak
Quercus robur
Alma Lane
1149-English Oak autumn
1149-English Oak autumn
A beautiful, open grown specimen which can be seen clearly as you come up Hillside Road.
More about English Oaks if you click here.
1150 English Oak
Quercus robur
The Byes Rolypoly Field
1150-English Oak
1150-English Oak
A lovely, open grown tree coming to maturity.  More about English Oaks if you click here.
1151 Monterey Cypress
Cupressus macrocarpa
Hillside Road
1151-Monterey Cypress Hillside
1151-Monterey Cypress Hillside
Along with the Monterey Pine, the Monterey Cypress was a very popular tree in late Victorian times and there are many mature ones around the town.  Unlike so many of them, this fine tree has been allowed to grow and not had its top cut back, compare it with the tree across the road.  
More about Monterey Cypress if you click here.
1152 Monterey Cypress
Cupressus macrocarpa
Hillside Road
1152-Monterey Cypress Hillside
1152-Monterey Cypress Hillside
Monterey Cypress trees are very fast growing, they are one of the original parents of the Lelandii hedge hybrid, which was fine when they were being planted in large Victorian and Edwardian gardens.  As the town has become more crowded many of these elegant giants have been topped out and pruned to keep them in check.  Generally this spoils a potentially elegant tree, compare this strange specimen with tree 1151 across the road.
More about Monterey Cypress if you click here.
1153 Monterey Cypress
Cupressus macrocarpa
Millford Road
1153-Monterey Cypress Millford
1153-Monterey Cypress Millford
A good example of this visitor from California.  There are many examples around the town, planted in late Victorian and Edwardian times along with Monterey Pines (no relation) but many have been distorted by unsympathetic pruning because the Monterey Cypress grows quickly.
More about Monterey Cypress if you click here.
1154 Monterey Cypress
Cupressus macrocarpa
Manor Road
1154-Monterey Cypress Manor Rd
1154-Monterey Cypress Manor Rd
A classic example of development overtaking mature trees.  Planted about 100 years ago in the large garden of the Fortfield Hotel.  The hotel was burned down and demolished some years ago and has been replaced by several blocks of apartments.  The magnificent Monterey Cypress now has regular pruning to prevent interference with the buildings.  This could have been avoided if the developers had chosen to give it space.
More about Monterey Cypress if you click here.
1155 Monterey Cypress
Cupressus macrocarpa
Glen Road
1155-Monterey Cypress Glen Rd
1155-Monterey Cypress Glen Rd
It is good to see one of these visitors from California having room to grow without being topped out.  Whoever planted it could perhaps have thought about how large the trunk would grow because it is now pushing the wall over.
More about Monterey Cypress if you click here.
1156 Monterey Cypress
Cupressus macrocarpa
Bickwell Valley
1156-Monterey Cypress Bickwell Valley
1156-Monterey Cypress Bickwell Valley
Bickwell Valleys status as a conservation area is partly because of the trees and this Monterey Cypress shows why.  Unlike many specimens around the town, this one has the space to grow unhindered and so shows its natural shape.
More about Monterey Cypress if you click here.
1157 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Alma Lane
1157-Monterey Pine Alma Lane
1157-Monterey Pine Alma Lane
Another part of the shelter belt planted around the house that used to be called Pinelands.  Easily identified from a distance by the domed crown and large cones that are retained for years, there is more about Monterey Pines if you click here.
1158 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Arcot Park
1158-Monterey Pine Arcot Park
1158-Monterey Pine Arcot Park
Spoiled somewhat by unsympathetic pruning, the trunk on this Monterey Pine looks quite old but the girth of the trunk shows it was planted after the park around Arcot House was developed for housing in 1927.  The adjacent Oak would have been a mature tree when the house was built in 1820.
More about Monterey Pines if you click here. 
1159 Scots Pine
Pinus sylvestris
Beatlands Road
1159-Scots Pine Beatlands
1159-Scots Pine Beatlands
We call them Scots Pine but these British natives can be found right across Northern Europe and Asia where they have many local names.  Distinguished from the nearby Monterey Pines by the orange bark on the upper tree, the short, lighter green needles that grow in twos not threes, and the smaller seed cones that drop from the tree as soon as they are mature.  
More about Scots Pine if you click here.
1160 Monterey Cypress
Cupressus macrocarpa
Beatlands Road
1160-Monterey Cypress Beatlands
1160-Monterey Cypress Beatlands
Like so many of the mature Monterey Cypress trees in the town, this one has had its top removed, if left to nature this tree would probably be at least 5m (15ft) taller.
Native to California, these fast growing conifers first arrived in England in 1847.  Experiments with hybrids led to a cross between the Monterey and Nootka Cypresses producing a fast growing and robust hedge tree, the dreaded Leylandii.
More about Monterey Cypress if you click here.
1161 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Southway
1161-Monterey Pine Southway
1161-Monterey Pine Southway
A younger tree than the much larger Monterey Pines that dominate the area, sadly pruned badly at some stage which has left it lop-sided.
More about Monterey Pines if you click here.
1162 Austrian Pine
Pinus nigra Austriaca
Alma Lane
1162-Austrian Pine Alma Lane
1162-Austrian Pine Alma Lane
Most of the pines in this garden are Monterey Pines.  This one is different, the crown is more horizontal, the cones are smaller and, most importantly, the needles are in twos.  Superficially it looks like a Scots Pine, the bark is the right colour and the needles are in twos, but they are much too long and straight, it is a variety of Black Pine from Austria. Compare the small cones with the fist-sized ones retained on the Monterey Pines.
More about Austrian Pines in general if you click here.
1163 Sycamore
Acer pseudoplatanus
Southway
1163 sycamore.JPG
1163 sycamore.JPG
A large, multi-stemmed tree that dominates this part of a quiet side road and scatters thousands of the winged samara fruits on the wind.  The double samaras are characteristic of the Acer genus but individual species vary the angle, Sycamore has them set at about 90 degrees, Norway Maple samaras make an angle of about 120 degrees, Field Maples have them spread at about 180 degrees.
More about Sycamore if you click here.
1164 Corsican Pine
Pinus nigra
The Byes
1164-Corsican Pine Byes
1164-Corsican Pine Byes
Sometimes called the Black Pine because of the dark patches on the bark.  As with the native Scots Pine, the Corsican Pine's needles come in pairs but they are longer and straighter than the Scots Pine.
More about Corsican Pines if you click here.
1165 Monterey Cypress
Cupressus macrocarpa
The Byes
1165-Monterey Cypress Byes
1165-Monterey Cypress Byes
These two conifers are battling for light and the Monterey Cypress is winning with its spreading habit swamping the Lawson's Cypress.  The fast growing conifers were introduced from California in mid-Victorian times and became great favourites with Sidmouth gardeners.  Hopefully this one will have room to grow to its full height as many of the older trees around town have been topped to keep them in check and this spoils their shape.
More about Monterey Cypress if you click here.
1166 Lawson's Cypress
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana
The Byes
1166-Lawson Cypress Byes
1166-Lawson Cypress Byes
These two conifers are battling for space and light and the Lawson's Cypress is losing out to the spreading Monterey Cypress next door.  If it had space, this tree could grow to more than 40m (130ft).  Introduced from California in mid-Victorian times, these fast growing trees were popular with gardeners and there are many around the town but some of them have outgrown their site.
More about Lawson's Cypress if you click here.
1167 Mexican Fan Palm
Washingtonia robusta
Connaught Gardens
1167-Washingtonia Palm Connaught Gdns
1167-Washingtonia Palm Connaught Gdns
These are the palms that line the street of Beverley Hills in California, our tree will take some years to reach their size.
More about Mexican Fan Palms if you click here.
1168 Mediterranean Fan Palm
Chamaerops humilis
Connaught Gardens
1168-Mediterranean Fan Palm Connaught Gdns
1168-Mediterranean Fan Palm Connaught Gdns
A relation to the Chinese or Chusan Fan Palm at the opposite end of the garden but the retained leaf bases are more prominent and the Mediterranean  palm has a tendency to produce many young shoots at the base.
More about Mediterranean Fan Palms if you click here.
1169 Hinoki Cypress
Chamaecyparis obtusa
Knowle
1169-Hinoki Cypress Knowle
1169-Hinoki Cypress Knowle
One of the Five Sacred Trees of Kiso, the timber of Hinoki was so good for building that it was reserved for the Samurai rulers of the Japanese Edo period and if commoners cut one down they were imprisoned.
This tree is somewhat swamped by the surrounding Laurel and Rhododendron, but if you struggle through you will see the rich red bark on the pencil straight trunk.  In late autumn the upper branches are festooned with many, pea-sized spherical cones.
More about Hinoki if you click here.
1170 Rowan
Sorbus aucuparia
Alma Field
1170-Richard Holland
1170-Richard Holland
1170-Holland Family
1170-Holland Family
1170-view from the tree
1170-view from the tree
Planted in memory of Richard Holland 1926 - 2019.  Formerly of the Fleet Air Arm 1944 - 1946.  Proud husband, father, grandfather and great-grandfather.  'Don't be sad.  Just remember me.'

More about Rowan if you click here.
1171 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Connaught Gardens
1171-Monterey Pine Connaught Gdns
1171-Monterey Pine Connaught Gdns
With a girth of 2.37m this tree is probably about 40 years old, younger than many of the Monterey Pines around the town.  There has been unfortunate lop-sided pruning, presumably health and safety concerns about branches overhanging the path in the garden, this might cause serious leaning in years to come similar to the problem that led to the felling of the large pine that used to stand by the ford.
More about Monterey Pines if you click here.
1172 Canary Island Date Palm
Phoenix canariensis
Connaught Gardens
1172-Canary Date Palm Connaught Gdns
1172-Canary Date Palm Connaught Gdns
Despite the name, this native of the Canary Islands in the Atlantic is not the source of your Christmas dates, they come from the true Date Palm, Phoenix dactylifera, which originated in the eastern Mediterranean and Near East.
The largest palm in the cgarden's collection, this tree is still a long way from full grown.  
More about Canary Island Date Palms if you click here.
1173 Mexican Blue Palm
Brahea armata
Connaught Gardens
1174-Chusan Palm Connaught Gdns
1174-Chusan Palm Connaught Gdns
Labelled as Brahea brandegeei, the St Jose Palm, this is actually the much slower growing Mexican Blue Palm with its rows of distinctive yellow spines on the frond stems.  As the name suggests, these palms are native to the deserts of northern Mexico and southern California.
More about Brahea armata if you click here.
1174 Chusan Palm
Trachycarpus fortuneii
Connaught Gardens
1174-Chusan Palm Connaught Gdns
1174-Chusan Palm Connaught Gdns
Related to the Mediterranean Fan Palm at the opposite end of the garden but Chusan Palms have much denser fibrous material that insulates the trunk in the cold moutains of its native China.  Also the trunk tends to be single, producing fewer basal shoots.
More about Chusan Palms if you click here.
1175 Canary Date Palm
Phoenix canariensis
Connaught Gardens
1175-Canary Date Palm Connaught Gdns
1175-Canary Date Palm Connaught Gdns
A younger version of the large Palm at the opposite end of the garden.  Not the source of edible dates, the true Date Palm, Phoenix dactylifera, originates in the eastern mediterranean and Near East but is now cultivated widely.
More about Canary Date Palms if you click here.
1176 Cabbage or Torbay Palm
Cordyline australis
Connaught Gardens
1176-Cabbage Palm Connaught Gardens
1176-Cabbage Palm Connaught Gardens
One of several of these so-called palms that cope with the sea wind around the garden.  Unlike many of the trees in the garden, this is not a true palm but a relative of Asparagus originally from New Zealand (australis means southern).  The huge bunches of fragrant flowers produce large numbers of white berries that are eaten by many birds.
More about Cabbage Palms if you click here.
1177 Winters Bark
Drimys winteri
Knowle driveway
1177-Winters Bark flowers
1177-Winters Bark flowers
1177-Winters Bark
1177-Winters Bark
A beautiful aromatic shrub from Chile found to fight scurvy among sailors when Francis Drake and John Wynter landed in Patagonia in 1577-8 and found that locals ate the highly aromatic leaves and bark of a shrub they called Chachaca to stave off a similar condition.
Later botanists gave the plant the scientific name Drimys which means astringent, and winteri to acknowledge Wynter's part in the story.
Now grown for its ornamental value, more about Drimys if you click here.
1178 White Birch
Betula utilis
Connaught Gardens
1178-Lions Club Birches
1178-Lions Club Birches
1178-Lions Plaque
1178-Lions Plaque
A beautiful pair of trees with gleaming white bark, planted to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the Sidmouth Branch of Lions International.  The bark is much whiter than that of the native Silver Birch and is used in its home in the Himalayas as writing paper for sacred texts and prayers.
Sadly, as with so many of the exotic trees around Sidmouth, these trees are becoming rare in their native range because of human exploitation.
More about White Birches if you click here.
1179 Chinese Rowan
Sorbus hupehensis
Bowd
1179-Chinese Rowan-Bowd
1179-Chinese Rowan-Bowd
One of a group of trees planted as part of the 2020 partnership with the Environment Committee of Sidmouth Town Council.
Sorbus hupehensis is a chinese cousin to the native Rowan and Whitebeam.  It has a profusion of white flowers in spring which are good for pollinators.  These ripen to pink tinged white berries to feed birds in the winter.  The blue-green leaves turn a fiery red in autumn. Planted with the help of David Rosenthall.
More about Chinese Rowan if you click here.
1180 Black Poplar
Populus nigra
Bowd
1180-Black Poplar Bowd
1180-Black Poplar Bowd
Four Black Poplar cuttings planted to replace two storm damaged trees that had to be felled.  They were donated by Roger Jefcoate who has been responsible for planting Black Poplars in many sites across England because he loves these large, native trees which are in decline.  These three were planted as slender cuttings but they will soon fill out.
More about Black Poplar if you click here.
1181 Star Magnolia
Magnolia stellata
Knowle driveway
Brenda & Michael Curtis
Brenda & Michael Curtis
1181-Magnolia stellata Curtis
1181-Magnolia stellata Curtis
A delightful tree clothed in large, white, star shaped flowers in April.  
This tree was planted in memory of Brenda Curtis (1938-1990). 
Having grown up and worked in London, Brenda moved to Devon soon after her marriage in 1959.  She made her familiy home, with husband Michael and sons Adrian and Paul, in Sidmouth and she worked for EDDC at The Knowle.

More about Magnolia stellata if you click here.
1182 Crab Apple
Malus x Moerlandsii Profusion
Bowd
1182-Dawn Prescott, Michael Dowdeswell, Cheryl Hayes
1182-Dawn Prescott, Michael Dowdeswell, Cheryl Hayes
The first of the trees sponsored by local insurance company The Exeter being planted by Dawn Prescott, Michael Dowdeswell and Cheryl Hayes

More about Profusion Crab Apple if you click here.
1183 Wild Cherry
Prunus avium
Bowd
1183-Cherry Bowd
1183-Cherry Bowd
Whips planted in January 2020 as part of the planting scheme in association with Sidmouth Town Council and sponsored generously by local insurance company The Exeter..
More about Wild Cherry if you click here.
1184 Japanese Cherry
Prunus serrulata Kanzan
Bowd
1184-Japanese Cherry Bowd
1184-Japanese Cherry Bowd
One of several flowering trees on the site, part of the planting scheme supported by Sidmouth Town Council and The Exeter, being planted by volunteer Amanda Richardson.
More about Kanzan if you click here.
1185 Crab Apple
Malus Van Eseltine
Bowd
1185-Crab Apple Bowd
1185-Crab Apple Bowd
An upright Crab Apple from USA, part of the planting scheme in association with Sidmouth Town Council.
More about Van Eseltine if you click here.
1186 Rowan
Sorbus aucuparia
Bowd
1186-Rowan
1186-Rowan
One of ten trees planted at this site in January 2020 as part of the scheme supported by Sidmouth Town Council.
More about Rowan if you click here.
1187 Sargent's Cherry
Prunus sargentii
Bowd
1187-Sargents Cherry Bowd
1187-Sargents Cherry Bowd
A pale pink Japanese cherry, volunteer Jim Wright planting one of ten flowering trees planted in January 2020 in conjunction with Sidmouth Town Council.  
More about Sargent's Cherry if you click here.
1188 Japanese Cherry
Prunus shirotae Mount Fuji
Bowd
1188-Shirotae Cherry
1188-Shirotae Cherry
White flowered Cherry, one of ten flowering trees planted in January 2020 in conjunction with Sidmouth Town Council.
More about Mount Fuji Cherry if you click here.
1189 Crab Apple
Malus pumila Royalty
Bowd
1189-Crab Apple Royalty
1189-Crab Apple Royalty
A purple flowered Crab Apple. One of ten trees planted in January 2020 in conjunction with Sidmouth Town Council with sponsorship from The Exeter.
More about Crab Apple Royalty if you click here.
1190 Rowan
Sorbus aucuparia
Bowd
1190-Rowan Bowd
1190-Rowan Bowd
One of ten trees planted in January 2020 in conjunction with Sidmouth Town Council and sponsored by The Exeter.  Volunteers Bernard and Dee Pattison helped on the day.
More about Rowan if you click here.
1191 Hedge
Mixed species
Bowd
1191-Mixed Hedge Bowd
1191-Mixed Hedge Bowd
A mixed hedge planted in conjunction with Devon County Highways.  A mixture of Hawthorn, Hazel, Guelder Rose,Field Maple,Spindle and Sweet Briar.  Not a true Devon Hedge but we hope it will grow to become a haven for wildlife.
True Devon Hedges are an important part of our local landscape, more about them if you click here.
1200 Turkey Oak
Quercus cerris
Knowle, Station Road
1200-Under the canopy
1200-Under the canopy
Ed's favourite tree. Knowle Tree Survey number 40 listed as a Lucombe Oak (a hybrid between Turkey Oak and Cork Oak) but this is unlikely because this tree is not fully evergreen.  It does have leaves similar to a Lucombe Oak and so it might be from an acorn from the original Lucombe Oak which has bred almost true.  With a girth of 5.6m the Forestry Commission calculator puts this tree at between 300 and 350 years old but the species was only introduced 280 years ago, which means this tree has grown more quickly than a normal Turkey Oak.  More about Turkey Oaks here.
1201 Dawn Redwood
Metasequoia glyptostroboides
Knowle parkland
1201-Dawn Redwood autumn foliage
1201-Dawn Redwood autumn foliage
Originally from China, this is the smallest of the Redwoods but will still grow to 60m (200 ft). With fossil records back 150 million years, scientists believed it was extinct until a plantation was found in a remote part of China in 1946.  It is one of the few conifers that is deciduous.  More about Dawn Redwoods here.
1202 Horse Chestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
Knowle parkland
1202-Structure view in winter
1202-Structure view in winter
One of several fine trees that line the park.  Sadly, they are affected badly by Leaf Miner and some have succumbed to the fungal disease Bleeding Canker.  In 2017 the adjacent tree was reduced to a stump.  More about Horse Chestnuts here.
1203 Deodar Cedar
Cedrus deodara
Knowle parkland
1203-Deodar Cedar
1203-Deodar Cedar
Distinguished from Atlas and Lebanon Cedars by the downward sweeping branches.  With a girth of 305cm this tree is approximately 100 years old.  More about Deodar Cedars here.
1204 Cedar Of Lebanon
Cedrus libani
Knowle parkland
1204-Cedar of Lebanon
1204-Cedar of Lebanon
Distinguished from Deodar and Atlas Cedars by the horizontal spread, with a girth of 250cm this tree seems to be younger than its neighbour at only 70 years, but the shading of the nearby oaks may have slowed its growth and it could be the same age.  More about Cedar of Lebanon here.
1205 Scots Pine
Pinus sylvestris
Gardens of Knowle
1205-Scots Pine young cones
1205-Scots Pine young cones
With a girth just under 2m, this tree is 80-90 years old.  Distinguished from the Monterey Pines by needles in groups of two and the seed cones are much smaller when mature.  After the seed cones are pollinated, they close up and seal with resin while the seeds develop.  Unlike the Monterey Pine, the cones open the following year to release the seeds and then fall off.  More about Scots Pine here.
1206 Giant Redwood
Sequoiadendron giganteum
Gardens of Knowle
1206-Giant Redwood
1206-Giant Redwood
1206-Redwood cones
1206-Redwood cones
One of two Redwoods in the garden, with a girth of 380cm this tree is a baby only about 80 years old.  The true giants in California are up to 3,000 years old and five times as tall as this one. The common name in the UK is Wellingtonia, a tribute to the Duke of Wellington, but when explorers from eastern USA discovered them in remote California they gave them the name Washingtonia.  More at Redwood World
1207 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Gardens of Knowle
1207-Monterey Pine
1207-Monterey Pine
1207-Monterey Pine young cones
1207-Monterey Pine young cones
Number 121 in the EDDC survey.  Monterey Pines grow very quickly in the first thirty years and then, when established they slow down and settle into maturity.  This tree is younger than you might think, it was planted as recently as 1983.  Endangered in its homeland of Monterey in California, Pinus radiata is now the most abundant conifer in the southern hemisphere where it is a commercial timber tree.  More at New Zealand Wood
1208 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Gardens of Knowle
1208-Monterey Pine
1208-Monterey Pine
Mature giant grown surrounded by other trees and so it has developed with a tall, straight trunk unlike the sprawling 1102 which must have grown in open space.More about Monterey Pines here.
1209 Western Hemlock
Tsuga heterophylla
Knowle Drive
1209-Western Hemlock
1209-Western Hemlock
Not in very good health, probably because it is surrounded by concrete.  The Latin name heterophylla means different leaves because the leaves are very scruffy compared to conifers such as Yew and Fir trees, they are mixed sizes and point in all different directions.  Western Hemlock is a useful timber tree, a good source of building timber and paper pulp.  More about Hemlocks here.
1210 Coast Redwood
Sequoia sempervirens
Knowle parkland
1210-Coast Redwood
1210-Coast Redwood
1210-Coast Redwood leaves
1210-Coast Redwood leaves
Although much younger and smaller than the two Giant Redwoods in the garden area, this Coast Redwood has the capacity to grow taller than its giant cousins.  A tree called Hyperion in the Redwood National Park is the current champion at 116m (382ft) although more slender and less massive than the Giant Redwood General Sherman.
Much more about Coast Redwoods if you click here.
1211 Monkey Puzzle
Araucaria araucana
gardens of Knowle
1211-Araucaria male cones
1211-Araucaria male cones
Monkey Puzzles are very primitive with fossil records back to the time of the dinosaurs.  This tree is a male with pollen producing cones.  There are several female trees along the Bicton driveway which have ball shaped cones.  The cones have large edible seeds which taste like pine nuts  More about Araucaria araucana here.
1212 Persian Ironwood
Parrotia persica
gardens of Knowle
1212-Persian Ironwood autumn
1212-Persian Ironwood autumn
1212-Persian Ironwood flowers
1212-Persian Ironwood flowers
Often planted as an ornamental, the Ironwood is named because of its very hard wood. In early spring the tree is covered in male flowers with their deep red stamens. Autumn leaf colour is also spectacular.  More about Persian Ironwoods here.
1214 Persian Ironwood
Parrotia persica
gardens of Knowle
1214-Persian Ironwood trunks
1214-Persian Ironwood trunks
1214-Persian Ironwood
1214-Persian Ironwood
Often planted as an ornamental small tree, Ironwood is named because of its very hard wood. In early spring the tree is covered in male flowers with their deep red stamens. Autumn leaf colour is also spectacular.  Also, the colourful stems can intertwine and join where they cross. More about Persian Ironwood here.
1215 Cedar Of Lebanon
Cedrus libani
By the ford in Mill Street
1215-Cedar of Lebanon
1215-Cedar of Lebanon
This tree, number 4 on the Sidmouth Tree Trail, dominates the ford where it has stood for more than 100 years according to the girth of its trunk.  It can be seen as a mature tree peeping into the frame of a picture of the ford taken in 1918.  A beautiful example of the horizontal plates of foliage that distinguish the Cedar of Lebanon from other Cedars.  More about Cedar of Lebanon if you click here.
1216 Pendent Lime
Tilia tomentosa Petiolaris
In The Byes by the RolyPoly Field
1216-Pendent Lime
1216-Pendent Lime
1216-Pendent Lime graft
1216-Pendent Lime graft
Tree number 8 on the Tree Trail.  A lovely example of these fine trees, a variant of the Silver Lime.  They do not breed true and so are grown from cuttings usually grafted onto a common Lime rootstock, the graft line is visible at head height if you go under the tent-like canopy.  More about Pendent Limes if you click here.
1218 Dawn Redwood
Metasequoia glyptostroboides
Sidholme Hotel
1218-Dawn Redwood
1218-Dawn Redwood
Dawn Redwood is one of the few deciduous conifers.  With fossil records back to the Mesozoic, scientists believed it been extinct for at least 5 million years until a plantation was discovered in a remote region of China in 1947.  This means this fine specimen cannot be more than 75 years old.  More about Dawn Redwoods here.
1219 Cedar Of Lebanon
Cedrus libani
Sidholme Hotel
1219-Cedar-Lebanon-Sidholme
1219-Cedar-Lebanon-Sidholme
Distinguished from Deodar and Atlas Cedars by the horizontal spread of the branches.  
With a girth of about 7m this tree is about 200 years old and so part of the original planting for the house.  More about Cedar of Lebanon here.
1220 Ginkgo
Ginkgo biloba
Sidholme Hotel
1220-Ginkgo
1220-Ginkgo
Described as a living fossil with ancestors in the fossil records back 270 million years.  More about Ginkgo biloba here.
1221 Cabbage Palm
Cordyline australis
Sidholme Hotel
1221-Cabbage Palm
1221-Cabbage Palm
One of the characteristic sites around Sidmouth are the Cabbage Palms which create a sub-tropical feel.  They are neither a cabbage nor a true palm, they are actually related to Asparagus.  More about Cabbage Palms here.
1222 Judas Tree
Cercis siliquastrum
Sidholme Hotel
1222-Judas Tree
1222-Judas Tree
1222-Judas Tree flowers
1222-Judas Tree flowers
A native of the Holy Land, one explanation for the common name is because it is covered in red blossom at Easter which is supposed to signify it is the tree from which Judas hung himself.  The flowers show this tree is a member of the pea family.  They are unusual because they spring from the bark of the trunk and twigs rather than new shoots, this is known as cauliflory.  A native of the Holy Land but, More about Cercis here.
1223 Handkerchief Tree
Davidia involucrata
Sidholme Hotel
1223-Handkerchief Tree
1223-Handkerchief Tree
1223-Handkerchief inflorescence
1223-Handkerchief inflorescence
Also called the Ghost Tree and the Dove Tree because of the beautiful white bracts around the flowers that hang down in late spring.  Introduced to the UK by Veitch's plant hunter E.H. 'Chinese' Wilson.  He had heard about a glorious example of the tree and travelled for two weeks into a remote region of China only to find that the tree had been chopped down.  He did find one eventually and collected seeds.  More info here.
1224 Sugar Maple?
Acer saccharum
Sidholme Hotel
1224-Acer
1224-Acer
An Acer but actual species awaiting verification.
1225 Whitebeam
Sorbus aria
Sidholme Hotel
1225-Whitebeam
1225-Whitebeam
This relative of the Rowan gets its name from the its almost pure white indumentum, that is the furry layer on the underside of the leaves.  The clusters of white flowers are a favourite with pollinating insects and the red berries are good winter food for birds such as Blackbirds, Thrushes, Redwings and Fieldfares.  More about Whitebeams if you click here.
1226 Sweet Gum
Liquidambar styraciflua
Sidholme Hotel
1226-Liquidambar autumn leaf
1226-Liquidambar autumn leaf
Rather lost in the hedge until the deep autumn colours develop.  Liquidambars are planted in the UK for their autumn colour rather than the sweet gum that can be extracted from the bark and which is used in perfume.  More about Liquidambar if you click here.
1227 Monterey Cypress
Cupressus macrocarpa
Sidholme Hotel
1227-Monterey Cypress
1227-Monterey Cypress
A magnificent tree but in decline sadly.  More about these fast growing conifers from California if you click here.
1228 Katsura
Cercidiphyllum japonicum
Sidholme Hotel
1228-Katsura
1228-Katsura
A primitive tree species with simple flowers but beautiful leaves.  More about Katsura if you click here.
1229 Copper Beech
Fagus sylvatica purpurea
Sidholme Hotel
1229-Copper Beech nuts
1229-Copper Beech nuts
One of several large Copper Beeches in the garden that were probably planted soon after the house was built.  More about Copper Beech if you click here.
1230 Copper Beech
Fagus sylvatica purpurea
Sidholme Hotel
1230-Copper Beech
1230-Copper Beech
One of several large Beeches probably planted when the house was built two hundred years ago.  Lots of faces to see in the bark patterns.  More about Copper Beech if you click here.  
1231 Cherry
Prunus serrulata Shirotae
Sidholme Hotel
1231-Cherry Shirotae
1231-Cherry Shirotae
Sited in what used to be the Camellia House. Only the base wall and some of the heating pipes are left of the building.  From the shape, this is probably either a Shirotae cultivar.  More about Shirotae Cherry if you click here.
1232 Copper Beech
Fagus sylvatica purpurea
Sidholme Hotel
1232-Copper Beech
1232-Copper Beech
Sadly, affected by fungus and no longer with us.  It has been replaced by a Tulip Tree sapling that will be immune to the fungus hopefully.  There are other fine Copper Beeches in the garden.  More about Copper Beech if you click here.
1233 Silver Wattle or Mimosa
Acacia dealbata
Sidholme Hotel
1233-Acacia dealbata
1233-Acacia dealbata
Glorious, soft yellow flowers in spring leading to brown pea like seed pods.  More about Silver Wattles if you click here.
1234 Lawson Cypress
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Lanei
Sidholme Hotel
1234-Lawson Cypress
1234-Lawson Cypress
Lawson Cypress grow to a huge size in the native North American forests.  Nobody knows why but when they were introduced to Europe in the 19th Century their seeds produced a wide range of different cultivars and they also hybridised with other cypresses.  This golden cultivar is probably Lanei Aurea.  More about Lawson Cypress if you click here
1235 Lawson Cypress
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Pottenii
Sidholme Hotel
1235-Lawson Cypress
1235-Lawson Cypress
Lawson Cypress grow to a huge size in the native North American forests.  Nobody knows why but when they were introduced to Europe in the 19th Century their seeds produced a wide range of different cultivars and they also hybridised with other cypresses.  This lumpy monster is probably the Potennei cultivar.  More about Lawson Cypress if you click here.
1236 Cut Leaved Maple
Acer palmatum dissectum
Sidholme Hotel
1236-Acer
1236-Acer
A favourite waterside small tree in many gardens.  Acer is a huge genus with many species.  They have been cultivated in Japan and China for centuries and there are many cultivars with a huge range of sizes and leaf shapes.  Palmatum means like a hand to describe the five pointed leaves of this species, Dissectum describes the deeply cut feathery leaves of this cultivar.  More about these trees if you click here.
1237 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Sidholme Hotel
1237-Monterey Pine
1237-Monterey Pine
Monterey Pines grow very quickly for the first thirty years and this large tree is probably only fifty years old and much younger than the two whose stumps stand across the lawn.  One of the older trees was cut down in 2012 because of disease, a ring count showed it was 147 years old and so one of the earliet ones bred by the Veitch Nursery in Exeter. Note the large cones that stay on the tree for years, and that the needles come in threes, the Scots Pine behind it has needles in twos.  More about Monterey Pines if you click here.
1238 Wellingtonia or Giant Redwood
Sequoiadendron giganteum
Sidholme Hotel
1238-Redwood
1238-Redwood
1238-Giant Redwood in2019
1238-Giant Redwood in2019
A baby at only about 100 years old, this tree died in early 2020, possibly drowned in the waterlogged soil after a very wet January and February.  The larger specimen in Hunters Moon Hotel is also not very healthy but we still have the two in the Knowle, a large one in the secret garden of Balfour Manor, and possibly Sidmouth's largest one in Redwood Road.
More about Giant Redwoods if you click here.
1239 Atlantic Cedar
Cedrus atlantica glauca
Sidholme Hotel
1239-Atlas Cedar
1239-Atlas Cedar
Much younger than the Cedar of Lebanon at the other end of the garden.  Atlas Cedars come from the Atlas Mountains of North Africa.  They can be recognised by the upward sweep of the branches and foliage plates.  More about Atlas Cedar if you click here.
1240 Japanese Maple
Acer palmatum Osakazuki?
Sidholme Hotel
1240-Maple
1240-Maple
A larger variety than the Dissectum by the summer house but the leaves are the original hand shape without the dissected fronds. We cannot be certain, but this tree is probably an Osakazuki.  More about Acers if you click here. 
1241 Ginkgo
Ginkgo biloba
Sidholme Hotel
1241-Ginkgo
1241-Ginkgo
The smaller of two of these primitive trees in the Sidholme garden. Ginkgo trees are from China where they are revered and planted in temple grounds.  More about Ginkgoes if you click here.
1242 Indian Bean Tree
Catalpa bignonioides
Sidholme Hotel
1242-Catalpa
1242-Catalpa
Not from India and not in the Bean family, these lovely trees with their huge leaves are from the southern United States and their common name refers to the European settlers' name for the First nation people.  The upright panicles of white flowers with pink throats mature to long seed pods, but these are filled with winged seeds rather than beans.  More about Catalpa if you click here.
1244 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Sidford High Street
1244-Monterey Pine
1244-Monterey Pine
One of the many large Monterey Pines that punctuate the skyline of Sidmouth.  This tree is about a hundred years old and is in a much better state than the four specimens that have been butchered in the garden lower down.  More about Monterey Pines if you click here.
1245 Alder
Alnus glutinosa
Knowle
1245-Alder
1245-Alder
One of the trees planted when the council took over the site from the hotel.  The female catkins that are retained on the tree look a bit like cones but they are 'proper flowers'.  The difference being that the seeds are protected by an ovary but in conifers they are not, botanically conifers are known as Gymnosperms which means naked seed.  More about Alders if you click here.
1246 Pedunculate Oak
Quercus robur
Knowle
English Oak knopper
English Oak knopper
1246-English Oak
1246-English Oak
One of two English Oaks planted in the garden in the later days of the hotel or in the early 1960s before the council took over the site.  As with its partner along the path, most of the acorns are lost to the knopper gall wasp imported with Turkey Oaks.
More about English Oaks if you click here.
1247 Copper Beech
Fagus sylvatica Purpurea
Knowle
1247-Copper Beech
1247-Copper Beech
Planted in 1987 in memory of George Lowe, Head Gardener at The Knowle.
More about Beech trees if you click here.
1248 English or Pedunculate Oak
Quercus robur
Knowle
English Oak knopper
English Oak knopper
1248-English Oak
1248-English Oak
A girth of 155cm indicates that this tree is about 70 years old and so was planted by the hotel.  In late summer the ground under the canopy is littered with failed acorns turned to knopper galls because the gall wasp from Turkey Oaks are so prevalent.  More about English Oaks if you click here.
1249 Black Mulberry
Morus nigra
Knowle
1249-Mulberry flowers
1249-Mulberry flowers
The unusual flowers open in June and look rather like small, green brains.  The leaves are not the favourite food of silkworms, they prefer White Mulberry, but the fruits are delicious when they turn black.  More about Mulberries at the Royal Horticultural Society
1250 Handkerchief Tree
Davidia involucrata
Knowle
1250-Handkerchiefs
1250-Handkerchiefs
1250-Davidia
1250-Davidia
Native to China, the Handkerchief Tree was brought to Britain just over 100 years ago. This one was planted by Sidmouth WI to mark the Millenium, it came into full flower for the first time in 2018. Read more at Kew Science
1251 Red Oak
Quercus rubra
Knowle
1251 Red Oak autumn
1251 Red Oak autumn
An American import, Red Oaks are a popular ornamental tree, not just because they tend to have a pleasing rounded shape, but their very large leaves put on a good show of autumn colour.  More about Red Oaks if you click here.
1252 Beech
Fagus sylvatica
Knowle
Stan French
Stan French
1252 Copper Beech
1252 Copper Beech
A young Copper Beech that is about thirty years old.  We know the age because the tree has a plaque commemorating Stan French who worked for the council parks department. When he died, his workmates bought it for him in memory.  As a young tree, the branches sweep down to the ground hiding the smooth, silver bark of the trunk.
More about Beech trees here.
1253 Black Walnut
Juglans nigra
Knowle
1253 Black Walnut
1253 Black Walnut
1253 plaque
1253 plaque
An American cousin to the Common Walnut with which it hybridises readily.  Distinguished from the Common Walnut by leaves with up to 13 narrow leaflets rather like an an Ash or Rowan.  This tree was planted in memory of Jane Cuthbe one time secretary to the council leader.  More about Black Walnut if you click here.
1254 Indian Bean Tree
Catalpa bignonioides
Knowle
1254 Catalpa flowers
1254 Catalpa flowers
1254 Catalpa -Catesby c1729
1254 Catalpa -Catesby c1729
1254 Catalpa bignoniodes
1254 Catalpa bignoniodes
Not actually Indian at all but from the southern United States.  The Indian comes from the early settlers misnomer of Red Indians.  Nor is it a bean, but is more closely related to Snapdragons and Sage.  The seed pods look like beans but the seeds inside are winged for dispersal by wind.  First shown to British scientists by Mark Catesby in the early 18th century.  More about Catalpa if you click here. 
1255 Irish Yew
Taxus baccata fastigiata
Knowle
1255 Irish Yew
1255 Irish Yew
1255 Yew leaves
1255 Yew leaves
A sport or mutant form of the English Yew, the Irish Yew has multi stems and the leaves clothe the branches in whorls unlike the English Yew which has them in two flat rows.  All parts of the Yew are poisonous except the fleshy red arils that surround the seeds, the seeds themselves are poisonous.  More info at the Woodland Trust
1256 Sweet Gum
Liquidambar styraciflua
Knowle
1256 Liquidambar
1256 Liquidambar
A quick growing import from the United States, grown often for their glorious autumn colour.  The palmate leaves can be mistaken for a Maple.  The name Sweet Gum is because the bark exudes an aromatic resin which is used in the perfume industry.  More info if you click here.
1257 Maidenhair Tree
Ginkgo biloba
Knowle
1257 Ginkgo leaves
1257 Ginkgo leaves
Dating back before the dinosaurs, its common name refers to its leaf similarity to the Maidenhair Fern.  Surrounded by health mythology, it is actually poisonous.  More at the Eden Project
1258 Sweet Gum
Liquidambar styraciflua
Knowle
1258 Liquidambar
1258 Liquidambar
A lovely, open grown tree that develops deep purple among its autumn colour display.  It will be moving soon to make way for the new flood alleviation amphitheatre to be built where the old Folk Week stage is.  Let's hope it survives the move.
More about Liquidambar if you click here.
1259 Field Maple
Acer campestre
Knowle
1259 Field Maple
1259 Field Maple
A young tree with space to grow.  The only native member of the Acer genus, Field Maple is usually a hedge tree.  The leaves are lobed with rounded tips and the fruits, a double winged samara as in other Acers but is distinct from Sycamore, Silver and Norway Maple because the two wings are set at 180 degrees.  More about Field Maple if you click here.
1260 Rowan
Sorbus aucuparia
Knowle
1260 Rowan berries
1260 Rowan berries
1260 Rowan flowers
1260 Rowan flowers
A group of four Rowans but one is in poor health.  Another British native which is a great food source for wildlife including nectar and pollen in spring and a feast of red berries in the winter.  More about Rowans if you click here.
1261 Horse Chestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
Knowle
1261 Horse Chestnut
1261 Horse Chestnut
One of a line of three Horse Chestnuts that were a field boundary in the old estate, note the old gate post.  The girth of 3.6m indicates a tree about 150 years old which means it was planted about the time Richard Thornton bought the estate.  More about Horse Chestnuts here.
1262 Horse Chestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
KnowleOne of a line of three Horse Chestnuts that were a field boundary in the old estate, note the old gate posts.  These trees are about 150 years old which means they were planted at about the time Richard Thornton bought the estate.  More about Horse Chestnuts here.
1263 Scarlet Oak
Quercus coccinea
Knowle
1263-Pin Oak leaves
1263-Pin Oak leaves
There are Scarlet and Pin Oaks in the park.  Their leaves, spare and almost skeletal, are similar, the Scarlet Oak being more asymmetrical.  Both have have an untidy habit of downswept branches that contain much dead wood.  The easy way to tell which is which is to look at the buds.  The buds of Scarlet Oak are about 5mm and the scales have hairy edges somewhat like small Turkey Oak buds.  The buds of the Pin Oak are smaller, 3mm, and smooth.More about Scarlet Oaks if you click here.
1264 Copper Beech
Fagus sylvatica purpurea
Knowle
1264 Copper Beech
1264 Copper Beech
The girth of 280 cm suggests an age of about 125 years which means the tree was planted when the hotel underwent a major refurbishment in late Victorian times.  More about Copper Beeches if you click here.
1265 Red Oak
Quercus rubra
Knowle
1265-Red oak
1265-Red oak
The girth of 274cm indicates this tree is about 110-120 years old and so was planted at the time the hotel underwent its major redevelopment.  The lovely broad crown shows this tree had no competition when young.  Red Oaks are from North America and are planted as ornamental trees because of their form and the large leaves which put on a display of autumn colour.  In their native range, the colour can be spectacular but is more muted in our climate.  More about Red Oak if you click here.
1266 Plane
Platanus hispanica
Knowle
1266 Plane inflorescence
1266 Plane inflorescence
Smaller than tree 1270 across the park and about half its age, the girth of 212cm indicates this tree is about 70 years of age.  London Planes are a hybrid between the American Sycamore and the Oriental Plane.  They are popular roadside trees in cities where they provide cooling shade and absorb traffic pollutants.
More about London Plane trees if you click here.
1267 Chestnut
Castanea sativa
Knowle
1267 Chestnut
1267 Chestnut
With a girth of 4.4m, this Chestnut is probably almost 200 years old and so is one of the original plantings of Mr Fish.  Spanish castanets get their name from being like chestnuts.  Most edible chestnuts are imported because the English climate does not produce large enough fruits.
More about Chestnuts if you click here.
1268 Lime
Tilia x europaea
Knowle
1268 Limes
1268 Limes
Nothing to do with citrus fruits, this pair of tall, elegant trees are two among several Common Limes in the park and along Station Road, mostly about 100 years old.  They are a hybrid from the two English species Large and Small Leaved Lime  There is more information on Common Limes at the Woodland Trust
1269 Walnut
Juglans regia
Knowle
1269 Walnut flowering
1269 Walnut flowering
Introduced as a food plant by the Romans, its wood became fashionable in Georgian times.  This specimen seems to struggle in the wet clay but there are three more Walnut trees in the park and a Black Walnut in the garden area.  More at the Woodland Trust
1270 Plane
Platanus hispanica
Knowle
1270 London Plane
1270 London Plane
1270 London Plane bark
1270 London Plane bark
A large, mature tree with the characteristic mottled bark.  A girth of 396 cm indicates an age of about 150 years, which means it was planted in the time of Richard Thornton.  More info about Plane trees at the Woodland Trust
1271 Cabbage Palm
Cordyline australis
Knowle
1271 Cabbage Palm
1271 Cabbage Palm
Sometimes called the Torbay Palm because there are so many planted there, it is also quite common in Sidmouth gardens. Not a true palm but a member of the Asparagus family.  More information if you click here.
1272 Ginkgo
Ginkgo biloba
Knowle
1272 Ginkgo
1272 Ginkgo
A smaller specimen than the one on the lawn in the garden of Knowle but with the characteristic tall, slender form.
More about these primitive trees if you click here.
1273 Wedding Cake Tree
Cornus controversa variegata
Knowle
1273 Wedding Cake Tree
1273 Wedding Cake Tree
Ornamental cousin to the Dogwood, this variegated form was a Veitch introduction from China.  The flat spreading plates of the branches are covered in white flowers in May making it look even more like an iced wedding cake.  More about Cornus controversa if you click here.
1274 Yellow Mountain Ash
Sorbus aucuparia Joseph Rock
Knowle
1274 Sorbus Joseph Rock
1274 Sorbus Joseph Rock
1274-Joseph Rock
1274-Joseph Rock
Lovely autumn colour and, unlike common Mountain Ash, the berries are a rich yellow.  Introduced from China by the flamboyant American explorer and Sinologist Joseph Rock.  Planted by Kelvin and Sue Dent.  More about Sorbus Joseph Rock if you click here.
1275 Beech
Fagus sylvatica
KnowleBeech timber has an even grain that is useful for furniture.  At just over a hundred years old, this tree was probably planted when the Knowle Hotel was redeveloped in 1895.  More about Beech trees if you click here.
1276 Sycamore
Acer pseudoplatanus
KnowleSycamores are sometimes considered a nuisance because they spread so easily but they are home to a wide variety of wildlife and may be useful if our oaks succumb to disease and climate change.  More at the Woodland Trust
1277 English Oak
Quercus robur
KnowleTucked away in a tangled copse, this tree will grow tall and straight as it fights for light.  More about English Oaks if you click here.
1278 Western Red Cedar
Thuja plicata
KnowleA stand of several trees that have grown tall and straight because of their closeness.  There is a fine solo specimen beside the river in The Byes near the Sip Park Road bridge.  More about Western Red Cedar if you click here.
1279 Giant Redwood
Sequoiadendron giganteum
Knowle
Stands clear from Knowle Drive
Stands clear from Knowle Drive
Stands clear when viewed from the terraces.
Stands clear when viewed from the terraces.
Hardly noticeable as you walk up the path because it is surrounded by Monterey Pines, but it is actually taller than the other Redwood (1206) across the path and is the tallest tree in the gardens.
1280 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Knowle
1280-monterey-pines-knowle.JPG
1280-monterey-pines-knowle.JPG
A stand of several Montereys that surround the Giant Redwood 1279.  One was damaged by a storm from the north east in 2018 but it is continuing to grow even with half its rootball disconnected.
More about Monterey Pines if you click here.
1281 Acer
Acer freemanii
Knowle
Cllr Kelvin Dent of Sidmouth Town Council helping committee members to plant the Acer in the gardens of Knowle.
Cllr Kelvin Dent of Sidmouth Town Council helping committee members to plant the Acer in the gardens of Knowle.
The Acer planted safely.
The Acer planted safely.
A hybrid between Sugar Maple and Red Maple.  Valued for its brilliant autumn colour, this tree was planted to replace a nearby Liriodendron that blew down in 2017.  More about Freeman's Maple if you click here.
1282 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Knowle
11-Knowle-sml.jpg
11-Knowle-sml.jpg
A sapling grown from seeds taken from the large Monterey Pine 1102 in the gardens of Knowle.  Known as successional planting, It is important that we plant young versions of the older trees in good time so that we have mature trees as the old ones come to the end of their time.  More about Monterey Pines if you click here.
1284 Walnut
Juglans regia
KnowleThe smallest of the four Walnut trees in Knowle.  It does produce walnuts but the squirrels always get there before they can be collected.  More about Walnut trees at the Woodland Trust.
1285 Blue Atlas Cedar
Cedrus atlantica glauca
Knowle
1285-altlas-cedar.JPG
1285-altlas-cedar.JPG
Blue Atlantic Cedar
Blue Atlantic Cedar
The younger of two examples side by side, it could have had a stronger stake when it was planted. Note the upward sweep of the branches compared to the downward sweep of the Deodar Cedar 1284 50m to the south.  More about Atlas Cedars if you click here.
1286 Blue Atlas Cedar
Cedrus atlantica glauca
Knowle
Blue Atlantic Cedar
Blue Atlantic Cedar
The older of two examples side by side. Note the upward sweep of the branches compared to the downward sweep of the Deodar Cedar 1284 50m to the south.  More about Atlas Cedars if you click here.
1287 Holm oak
Quercus ilex
Knowle
holm-oak-young-leaf.jpg
holm-oak-young-leaf.jpg
An evergreen Oak originally from the Mediterranean.  The latin name ilex refers to the similarity between Holm Oak leaves on young growth and Holly leaves.  More about Holm oaks if you click here.
1288 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
87 Sidford High Street
monterey-howarth-close.jpg
monterey-howarth-close.jpg
Visible from Sidford High Street, Bramble Close and Howarth Close, this stand of Montereys has a significant softening effect on the angular street scene of Howarth Close.  Unfortunately poor treatment by the owner of the site has caused much damage to these tree and they are a poor remnant of their former glory.  More about Monterey Pines if you click here.
1289 Lime
Tilia europaea
Knowle
lime-knowle-young.jpg
lime-knowle-young.jpg
A lovely young tree that will, one day, succeed the mature Limes growing just over the fence.  Nothing to do with citrus fruits, the old name for these trees is Linden.  More about Common Limes at the Woodland Trust.
1290 Lime
Tilia europaea
Knowle
lime-knowle-young2.jpg
lime-knowle-young2.jpg
A pair of young trees that will, one day, succeed the taller mature Limes standing behind. Lime trees in the UK are not about citrus fruits, it is a corruption of the old English name of Linden.  Find out more about Limes at the Woodland Trust.
1291 Manna Ash
Fraxinus ornus
Manor Road Car Park
Full bloom
Full bloom
Mottled, smooth bark
Mottled, smooth bark
Fluffy panicles
Fluffy panicles
Unlike the common Ash which is wind pollinated (the scientific word is anemophelous), the Manna Ash needs to attract insect pollinators and so has a glorious blossom display in late April early May.  More about Manna Ash if you click here.
1292 Manna Ash
Fraxinus ornus
Manor Road Car Park
fraxinus-ornus-manor2.jpg
fraxinus-ornus-manor2.jpg
Fluffy panicles
Fluffy panicles
Unlike the common Ash which is wind pollinated (the scientific word is anemophelous), the Manna Ash needs to attract insect pollinators and so has a glorious blossom display in late April early May.  More about Manna Ash if you click here.
1293 Sessile Oak
Quercus petraea
Knowle
sessile-oak-knowle.jpg
sessile-oak-knowle.jpg
One of our native oaks but much less common than the English Oak. The girth of 120cm gives an approximate age of 50 years which means the tree was planted at about the time the estate was sold to the Urban District Council.  The name sessile refers to the acorns which do not have a stalk, those of the English Oak are on long stalks. More at the Woodland Trust
1294 Walnut
Juglans regia
Knowle
walnut-knowle-sml.jpg
walnut-knowle-sml.jpg
walnut-catkin2.jpg
walnut-catkin2.jpg
The largest of the four walnut trees in Knowle. The nuts are formed from catkins that open with the leaves during late April to early May.  
More about Walnut trees if you click here.
1295 Indian Horse Chestnut
Aesculus indica
Knowle
Indian Horse Chestnut-knowle.jpg
Indian Horse Chestnut-knowle.jpg
Indian Horse Chestnut-flowers-leaves.jpg
Indian Horse Chestnut-flowers-leaves.jpg
A cousin to the Horse Chestnut, the  Indian Horse Chestnut has slightly different leaves and no spines on the conker case.  This tree was planted to commemorate the opening of the Knowle as council offices. The tree was provided by the Devon group of The Men of the Trees. For more information click here.
1296 Lime
Tilia europaea
Knowle ParkNothing to do with citrus fruits,  the old English name for Lime trees was Linden.  The fruits of Common Lime are clusters of small, hard pods hanging from the bract like a small surfboard that acts like a wing to spread the seeds by wind.  There is more about Common Limes at the Woodland Trust
1297 Lime
Tilia europaea
Knowle ParkNothing to do with citrus fruits,  the old English name for Lime trees was Linden.  The fruits of Common Lime are clusters of small, hard pods hanging from the bract like a small surfboard that acts like a wing to spread the seeds by wind.  There is more about Common Limes at the Woodland Trust.
1298 Sycamore
Acer pseudoplatanus
Knowle ParkAs most children know, Sycamore seeds are scattered by the wind catching the winged fruit called a samara like a helicopter.  This tree is probably self-sown from one of the older Sycamores in the park.  More about Sycamore if you visit the Woodland Trust.
1299 Sycamore
Acer pseudoplatanus
Knowle ParkAs most children know, Sycamore seeds are scattered by the wind catching the winged fruit called a samara like a helicopter.  This tree is probably self-sown from one of the older Sycamores in the park.  More about Sycamore if you visit the Woodland Trust.
1300 Red Oak
Quercus rubra
Knowle Park
oak-red-leaves.jpg
oak-red-leaves.jpg
red-oak-knowle-1300.jpg
red-oak-knowle-1300.jpg
One of several Red Oaks planted in the grounds of the old hotel about 80 years ago according to the girth of the trunk.  The autumn colour in England is rarely as fiery as Red Oaks achieve in their native eastern North America. More at the International Dendrology Society
1301 Chestnut
Castanea sativa
Knowle ParkNot to be confused with the Horse Chestnuts next door which are also considerably older, but, at about 70 years of age, this tree is about the same age as the other Sweet Chestnut at the end of the row.   More about chestnuts at the Woodland Trust.
1302 Horse Chestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
Knowle Park
1302-horse-chest-knowle.jpg
1302-horse-chest-knowle.jpg
Not to be confused with the Sweet Chestnut next door.  One of a line of trees marking the boundary between two of the paddocks of the old estate, note the change of level and the gate posts further along the line.  More about Horse Chestnuts at the Woodland Trust.
1303 Red Oak
Quercus rubra
Knowle Park
red-oak-knowle-1300.jpg
red-oak-knowle-1300.jpg
At about 80 years old, there are several trees of a similar age in this part of the park.  Probably planted to replace some of the trees from the time of Mr Fish as they came to the end of their lives.  Our soil and climate means Red Oaks rarely reach the blaze of red that is achieved in their native North America, but they still put on a good show.  More at the International Dendrology Society.
1304 Lime
Tilia europaea
Knowle ParkNothing to do with citrus fruits, the name Lime is a corruption of the old English name Linden. Instead of being juicy, the fruits are clusters of small hard nutlets.  There is more about Common Limes at the Woodland Trust
1305 Chestnut
Castanea sativa
Knowle ParkNot to be confused with Horse Chestnuts next door, the Sweet or Spanish Chestnut has large single leaves with a serrated margin.  The chestnuts, which come in a very spiky case, are edible but they rarely grow big enough to be worthwhile in the UK.  The girth of just over 2m indicates this tree is about 65 years old.  More about Chestnut trees at the Woodland Trust. 

1306 Lime
Tilia europaea
Knowle ParkA group of three Limes very close together which are about 70 years old.  Nothing to do with citrus fruits, the name Lime is a corruption of the old English name Linden. Instead of being juicy, the fruits are clusters of small hard nutlets.  There is more about Common Limes at the Woodland Trust
1307 Beech
Fagus sylvatica
Knowle ParkThis tree is about 50-60 years old.  Beech woods are native to Britain and so they support a wide range of wildlife.  Pigs used to be kept in the woods where they would feed on the mast or fruit which comes in a hard, spiky case.  Beech trees are planted for their timber which is smooth grained and used to make furniture.  More about Beech trees at The Woodland Trust.
1308 Sycamore
Acer pseudoplatanus
Knowle ParkTwo of the many Sycamores that have self sown and been allowed to grow in this part of the park.  This tree can be distinguished from the Norway Maples across the grass by the flowers and samara fruits, in Sycamore they hang down, in Norway Maple they stand up.  More about Sycamore if you click here.
1309 Birch
Betula pendula
Knowle ParkMost people can recognise Birch from the white bark.  It doesn't happen with this particular tree, but Birchwoods are where you will find the Fly Agaric, the quintessential toadstool with the red cap spotted white.  You do get them nearby, under the Birch halfway up the drive.  More about Birch if you click here.
1310 Grey Alder
Alnus incana
Knowle Park
alder-grey-leaf.jpg
alder-grey-leaf.jpg
alder-grey-catkins.jpg
alder-grey-catkins.jpg
A European cousin to our native Alder, it shares the love of wet ground which it certainly has in this site.  The easiest distinction from the native Alder is that the Grey Alder has pointed leaves while the native Alder has leaves that are squared off or even indented at the end.  More about Grey Alder from the International Dendrology Society.
1311 Birch
Betula pendula
Knowle ParkThree, possibly self sown, one now in very poor health.  Most people can recognise Birch from the white bark.  It doesn't happen with this particular tree, but Birchwoods are where you will find the Fly Agaric, the quintessential toadstool with the red cap spotted white.  You do get them nearby, under the Birch halfway up the drive.  More about Birch if you click here.
1312 Ash
Fraxinus excelsior
Knowle ParkStill with us in 2020, this is a seedling probably from the Ash trees along Station Road but many of them have succumbed to the fungal disease Ash Die Back.  There are thousands of Ash trees in the valley and their loss will have a big impact, but there are very few in Knowle.  More about Ash trees from The Woodland Trust.
1314 Pin Oak
Quercus palustris
Knowle Park
pin-oak-leaves.jpg
pin-oak-leaves.jpg
One of two Pin Oaks in this boggy corner which seems appropriate because the Latin name means Swamp Oak.  A native of North America, the Pin oak is planted in English parks for its autumn colour.
More about Pin Oaks if you click here.
1315 Pin Oak
Quercus palustris
Knowle Park
pin-oak-leaves.jpg
pin-oak-leaves.jpg
1315-pin-oak-knowle.jpg
1315-pin-oak-knowle.jpg
One of two Pin Oaks in this boggy corner which seems appropriate because the Latin name means Swamp Oak.  A native of North America, the Pin oak is planted in English parks for its autumn colour.
More about Pin Oaks if you click here.
1316 Horse Chestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
Knowle ParkThe largest in a line of the three Horse Chestnuts that were part of a field boundary, note the old gate posts further along the line.  At about 150 years old, these trees were probably planted in the time of Richard Thornton as he 'modernised' this part of the park.  More about Horse Chestnuts from the Woodland Trust.
1317 Norway Maple
Acer platanus purpurea
Knowle Park
norway-maple-samara.jpg
norway-maple-samara.jpg
Glorious display of autumn colour. The 'helicopter' fruits (botanically a fruit is a part of the plant that contains seeds) of Acer species are called double samaras. The Norway Maple has large wings almost at 180 degrees, compare to Sycamore which has them set at about 60 degrees.  More about Norway Maple from the Woodland Trust.
1318 Robinia
Robinia pseudoacacia
Knowle ParkA native of north America introduced to the UK in the 17th century, the Robinia or Black Locust tree is actually a member of the Pea and Bean family as shown by the racemes of white flowers in May and June. The young branches have significant thorns.  More about Robinia from the International Dendrology Society.
1319 Bird Cherry
Prunus padus
Knowle Park
bird-cherry-knowle.jpg
bird-cherry-knowle.jpg
prunus-padus-knowle.jpg
prunus-padus-knowle.jpg
Unusual among Cherry species because the flowers come in long tails called racemes.  The flowers are a great favourite with bees and they give way to small black cherries that are too bitter for us, but blackbirds love them.  More at the Woodland Trust.
1320 Turkey Oak
Quercus cerris
Knowle Park
turkey-oak-cutleaf.jpg
turkey-oak-cutleaf.jpg
turkey-oak-acorn-young.jpg
turkey-oak-acorn-young.jpg
A pure bred Turkey Oak unlike the two Lucombesque hybrids in the park.  Imported into Britain in the 17th century as part of an experiment to replace the dwindling stock of English Oak for building warships and houses, but the timber was found to split too easily.  It was suitable for cutting into veneer which was used in much of the oak panelling in expensive houses that was fashionable.  Along with a Cork Oak, one was the hybrid parent for the Lucombe Oak.  More about Turkey Oak if you click here.
1321 Large Leaved Lime
Tilia platyphyllos
Blackmore Gardens
lime-lgeleaf-pleached.jpg
lime-lgeleaf-pleached.jpg
A row of pleached Large Leaved Limes, pleaching is an ornamental pruning method fashionable in grand gardens such as Versailles and Chatsworth.  One of two native species which, along with the Small Leaved Lime, gave rise to the hybrid and much more common European Lime.  More about Broad Leaved Limes at the Woodland Trust.
1322 Weeping Wych Elm
Ulmus glabra Pendula/Camperdownii
Blackmore Drive
elm-weeping-blackmore.jpg
elm-weeping-blackmore.jpg
elm-weeping-leaves.jpg
elm-weeping-leaves.jpg
Unusual variant or sport of the Wych Elm discovered originally in the forest of Camperdown House near Dundee in the 1830s.  Thriving so it might be resistant to Dutch Elm Disease, hopefully.  More about the Camperdown Wych Elm if you click here.
1323 Sweet Gum
Liquidambar styraciflua
Blackmore Gardens
Leaves turning colour
Leaves turning colour
A native of North America where the bark is harvested and boiled down to release the sweet gum or storax which is used in the perfume industry.  In the UK they are planted mainly for their autumn colour.  There is more about Sweet Gums at the International Dendrology Society.
1324 Judas Tree
Cercis siliquastrum
Blackmore Gardens
cercis-siliquastrum-blackmore.jpg
cercis-siliquastrum-blackmore.jpg
cercis-flowers.jpg
cercis-flowers.jpg
cercis-leaves.jpg
cercis-leaves.jpg
1324-Cercis-plaque.jpg
1324-Cercis-plaque.jpg
cercis-pods.jpg
cercis-pods.jpg
Planted by the Sidmouth Club in 1993 to celebrate their golden anniversary.
Called the Judas Tree because the flowers are said to be the blood of Judas as he hanged himself at Easter from a Cercis tree.  See more at the International Dendrology Society.
1325 Copper Beech
Fagus sylvatica purpurea
Blackmore GardensOne of several in the garden, more about Copper Beeches at the Woodland Trust
1326 Copper Beech
Fagus sylvatica purpurea
Blackmore GardensOne of several in the garden, more about Copper Beeches at the Woodland Trust.
1327 Holm oak
Quercus ilex
Blackmore Gardens
oak-holm-blackmore.jpg
oak-holm-blackmore.jpg
The evergreen Holm Oak thrives in seaside air, more about Holm Oaks at the Woodland Trust
1328 Turkey Oak
Quercus cerris
Blackmore Gardens
1328-turkey-oak.jpg
1328-turkey-oak.jpg
Magnificent, but in a way a pest because Turkey Oaks host gall wasps that are affecting English Oaks.  Introduced in the 16th century in an experiment to replace the dwindling stocks of English Oak timber for warships and houses, but the timber was found to be unsuitable.  As they grew more quickly than English Oaks, they were planted as specimen trees.  More about Turkey Oaks at the Woodland Trust.
1329 Chusan Palm
Trachycarpus fortunei
Blackmore Gardens
1329-chusan-palm.jpg
1329-chusan-palm.jpg
A common site around Devon seaside towns these palms are not from a tropical beach but the mountains of China which is why they can thrive in mid climate of Sidmouth.  More about Chusan Palms at the International Dendrology Society.
1330 Walnut
Juglans regia
Blackmore Gardens
1330-walnut.jpg
1330-walnut.jpg
walnut-catkin.jpg
walnut-catkin.jpg
walnuts.jpg
walnuts.jpg
Not native, but introduced by the Romans probably and, as they have been here so long they are a naturalised part of our nature.  Walnuts seem to do quite well in Sidmouth, there are several in Knowle.  More about Walnuts at the Woodland Trust.
1331 Canary Island Date Palm
Phoenix canariensis
Blackmore Gardens
1331-canary-palm.jpg
1331-canary-palm.jpg
Very exotic looking, most Canary Palms are kept as large house plants but, as you can see, they can thrive outdoors in Sidmouth's mild climate, although it does suffer a bit of salt burn from the sea breeze.  There is another, almost as large, in Connaught Gardens. You do not get edible dates from these trees, that is down to a cousin from North Africa.  More about the Canary Date Palm if you click here.
1332 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Blackmore Gardens
1332-monterey-blackmore.jpg
1332-monterey-blackmore.jpg
Endangered in their Californian homeland, Monterey Pines thrive in Sidmouth and there are vast forests of them in New Zealand.  More technical info at the Gymnosperm Database
1333 Holly
Ilex aquifolium
Blackmore Gardens
1333-holly-blackmore.jpg
1333-holly-blackmore.jpg
Rather in the shadow of its large neighbour, with a life span of up to 300 years it should outlive the Monterey Pine.  More about Hollies at the Woodland Trust.
1334 Scots Pine
Pinus sylvestris
Blackmore Gardens
1334-scots-pine-blackmore.jpg
1334-scots-pine-blackmore.jpg
Shying away from its large neighbour, one easy way to distinguish a Scots Pine is the needles come in pairs while Monterey needles are in threes.  More about Scots Pine at the Woodland Trust.
1335 Lime
Tilia x europea
Blackmore Gardens
1335-lime-blackmore.jpg
1335-lime-blackmore.jpg
Also called the Linden Tree, nothing to do with citrus fruit but sit under a Lime in full flower and you will breathe a heady scent.  Common Lime is a hybrid between the two native species, Large Leaved and Small leaved Limes.  Compare the leaves with those on the Large Leaved Limes in the pleached hedge across the lawn.  More about Limes at the Woodland Trust.
1336 Norway Maple
Acer platanoides Crimson King
Blackmore Gardens
1336-maple-norway-purp-blackmore.jpg
1336-maple-norway-purp-blackmore.jpg
One of the smaller trees in the garden, a purple variety of this cousin to the Sycamore.  To tell them apart, Norway Maple has points on lobes of the leaf, rather like the leaf on the Canadian flag, and the clustered flowers face upwards, Sycamore leaves have rounded lobes and the flowers hang down.  More about Norway Maple at the Woodland Trust.
1337 Cedar Of Lebanon
Cedrus libani
Blackmore Gardens
1337-cedar-lebanon-blackmore.jpg
1337-cedar-lebanon-blackmore.jpg
Three types of Cedar are planted in the UK, Lebanese Cedars have level sheet of foliage, Deodar Cedars have a downward sweep to the branches, and Atlas Cedars, such as the one along the path, have an upward sweep to the branch structure.  More about Cedars at the Woodland Trust.
1338 Atlas Cedar
Cedrus atlantica
Blackmore Gardens
1338-cedar-atlas-blackmore.jpg
1338-cedar-atlas-blackmore.jpg
The upward sweep of the branches distinguishes the Atlas Cedar from the next door Cedar of Lebanon with its level sheets.  Atlas Cedars are from the Atlas Mountains in North Africa.  More on Cedars at the International Dendrology Society.
1339 Handkerchief Tree
Davidia involucrata
Blackmore Gardens
1339-catalpa-blackmore.jpg
1339-catalpa-blackmore.jpg
Obviously struggling with being shaded by other trees. Also known as the Dove Tree and the Ghost Tree, the small flowers are shrouded by two large white bracts.  Originally from China, the name Davidia is in honour of the French missionary and scientist Armand David who worked in China in the 19th century and recorded many species of plant and animal new to European science, including the Giant Panda.  More about Davidia if you click here.
1340 Copper Beech
Fagus sylvatica purpurea
Blackmore Gardens
1340-copper beech-blackmore.jpg
1340-copper beech-blackmore.jpg
One of the smaller trees in the garden, a purple variety of this cousin to the Sycamore.  To tell them apart, Norway Maple has points on lobes of the leaf, rather like the leaf on the Canadian flag, and the clustered flowers face upwards, Sycamore leaves have rounded lobes and the flowers hang down.  More about Norway Maple at the Woodland Trust.
1341 Red Oak
Quercus rubra
Blackmore Gardens
1341-oak-red-blackmore.jpg
1341-oak-red-blackmore.jpg
Common in their native North America, many have been planted around Sidmouth because they grow quickly into very attractive trees.  The autumn colour of Red Oaks can be spectacular, but our climate rarely allows a full show.  More about Red Oaks at the Woodland Trust.
1342 English Oak
Quercus robur
Blackmore Gardens
Knopper Gall
Knopper Gall
The quintessential   English tree.  It has the alternative name of Pedunculate Oak because the acorns are carried on long stalks.  Sadly, these acorns are becoming rare because an invasive wasp brought in with Turkey Oaks lays its eggs in the developing acorn which turns them into knopper galls.  More about English Oaks at the Woodland Trust.
1344 English Oak
Quercus robur
Blackmore Gardens
Knopper Gall
Knopper Gall
The quintessential   English tree.  It has the alternative name of Pedunculate Oak because the acorns are carried on long stalks.  Sadly, these acorns are becoming rare because an invasive wasp brought in with Turkey Oaks lays its eggs in the developing acorn which turns them into knopper galls.  More about English Oaks at the Woodland Trust.
1345 Cabbage Palm
Cordyline australis
Blackmore GardensAlso called the Torquay Palm, they are not really palms at all but in the Asparagus family.  More at the International Dendrology Society.
1346 Cider Gum
Eucalyptus sp.
Blackmore GardensFast growing and with attractive bark, there are many Gum Trees in Sidmouth, possibly E. gunnii. we are looking at which species this tree is.  The leaves are tough and take ages to break down.  More at the Woodland Trust.
1347 Holm oak
Quercus ilex
Blackmore GardensThe evergreen Holm Oak is sometimes called the Holly Oak because the glossy leaves of young trees have small spines and look like Holly, but it is an Oak because it produces acorns.  More at the Woodland Trust.
1348 Strawberry Dogwood
Cornus kousa
Blackmore GardensThe flowers are tiny and in a tight clump, but each clump is backed by four large white bracts.  More at the Royal Horticultural Society
1349 Holm oak
Quercus ilex
Blackmore Gardens
1349-holm-oak-blackmore.jpg
1349-holm-oak-blackmore.jpg
The evergreen Holm Oak is sometimes called the Holly Oak because the glossy leaves of young trees have small spines and look like Holly, but it is an Oak because it produces acorns.  More at the Woodland Trust.
1350 English Oak
Quercus robur
Knowle
1350-english-oak-knowle.jpg
1350-english-oak-knowle.jpg
One of several mature English Oaks in the stands between the gardens and the park, with a girth of 350cm, this tree is approximately 175 years old and so was planted in the time of Thomas Fish.  More about Oaks at the Woodland Trust.
1351 English Oak
Quercus robur
KnowleA younger tree about 50 years old, either self-sown from the large Oak nearby or part of successional planting?  More about Oaks at the Woodland Trust.
1352 Ginkgo
Ginkgo biloba
KnowleCurrently being prepared to be moved to make way for a four storey block of flats.  More about Ginkgos at the Eden Project
1354 Monkey Puzzle
Araucaria araucana
Knowle Park
Araucaria araucana 1354
Araucaria araucana 1354
The Planting Team
The Planting Team
Sponsored by The Joseph Rowntree Reform Trust and part of the Jurassic Copse planned for the Park.  More about Araucaria at Kew Science
1355 Norway Maple
Acer platanoides Crimson King?
Knowle Drive
Norway Maple - Knowle Drive
Norway Maple - Knowle Drive
In a private garden but it enhances the street scene.  More about Norway Maples here.
1356 Serviceberry
Amelanchier x Grandiflora Princess Diana
In it goes.
In it goes.
Diana and her shrub.
Diana and her shrub.
Planted to celebrate the contribution of Diana East to the Arboretum's foundation and her years of service as Chair and President.  The drifts of white blossom brighten early spring days.  More about Amelanchier here.
1357 Rowan
Sorbus aucuparia
Knowle
Rowan in Knowle
Rowan in Knowle
Native Rowan with good autumn colour and the typical red berries that provide good winter food for birds.  Donated by Jane and Ed Dolphin.  More about Rowans here.
1358 Midland Hawthorn
Crataegus laevigata Paul's Scarlet
Dissenter's Chapel
Peace Garden Midland Hawthorn
Peace Garden Midland Hawthorn
IMG_20191203_102642149.jpg
IMG_20191203_102642149.jpg
Planted in the Peace Garden of the Dissenters' Chapel to commemorate the work of Amnesty International.  One of Britain's native species, this is a pink double form called Paul's Scarlet.  More about Midland Hawthorn here.
1359 Whitebeam
Sorbus aria
The planting party.
The planting party.
Graham did most of the work.
Graham did most of the work.

Planted with permission from Sidmouth Town Council.  Council Chairman Ian McKenzie-Edwards attended along with Town Clerk Chris Holland.  Whitebeam's leaves have a white downy underside and the berries are a winter larder for birds such as Blackbirds.  Planted as part of Graham's scheme to have all the British tree species represented in the valley.  More about Whitebeam here.

1360 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Knowle
Monterey Pine 1360 Knowle
Monterey Pine 1360 Knowle
Monterey sapling rescued from a clifftop garden before it was lost to the sea.  Planted to replace the large tree that blew down in late 2018 but it will take many years to become a true replacement.
More about Monterey Pines here.
1361 Blue Atlas Cedar
Cedrus atlantica glauca
Tipton School
1361-blue-atlas-cedar-tipton.jpg
1361-blue-atlas-cedar-tipton.jpg
A blue form of the Atlas Cedar from north Africa.  The blue colour is caused by thicker than usual wax on the needles.  More about Cedars here.
1362 Silver Birch
Betula pendula
Tipton School
1362-birch-Tipton.jpg
1362-birch-Tipton.jpg
Three Birches, elegant Youngii behind
Three Birches, elegant Youngii behind
A stand of three birches, the one in front of the school is the more graceful Youngii variety.  More about Birches here.
1363 English Oak
Quercus robur
Tipton School
1363-English-Oak-Tipton.jpg
1363-English-Oak-Tipton.jpg
More about English Oaks here.
1364 Vine-Leaved Maple
Acer cissifolium
Tipton School
1364-Acer-cissifolium-Tipton.jpg
1364-Acer-cissifolium-Tipton.jpg
A native of the Japanese mountains, this type of Maple is not very common in the UK.  It is distinctive because of its trefoil leaves and winged fruits in strings called racemes.  More about Acer cissifolium here.
1365 Willow
Salix sp.
Tipton School
1365-willow-dome-Tipton.jpg
1365-willow-dome-Tipton.jpg
Possibly Osier, the Willow species planted to provide the flexible whips used in basket weaving.  More about Willows if you click here.
1366 Hazel
Corylus avellana
Tipton School
hazel-catkins.JPG
hazel-catkins.JPG
Most people notice the dangling male catkins that produce pollen in spring, but not many people notice the tiny red stigmas of the female catkins, these contain the ovules that grow into the seeds or nuts.  
More about Hazel here.
1367 Alder
Alnus glutinosa
Tipton School
alder-catkins.JPG
alder-catkins.JPG
Alders thrive in marshy areas.  In spring the male catkins hang and release their pollen on the wind to spread it to the smaller female catkins that hold the ovules that turn into seeds.
More about Alders here.
1368 English Oak
Quercus robur
Tipton School
1368-English-Oak-Tipton.jpg
1368-English-Oak-Tipton.jpg
More about English Oaks here.
1369 Turkey Oak
Quercus cerris
Tipton School
Turkey Oak young acorn
Turkey Oak young acorn
Actually growing in the churchyard, Turkey Oaks have distinctive, hairy acorn cups.  
This imported species can grow to be a magnificent tree but it represents a threat to the English Oak.  It is home to a tiny gall wasp that lays its eggs in the young acorns of the English Oak.  These eggs hatch and the grub causes the acorn to grow into a knopper gall rather than an acorn.
More about Turkey Oaks here.
1370 Lucombe Oak
Quercus x hispanica lucombeana (possibly)
Glen Goyle
1370-Lucombe-Oak-trunk.jpg
1370-Lucombe-Oak-trunk.jpg
1370-Lucombe-Oak-Glen-Goyle.jpg
1370-Lucombe-Oak-Glen-Goyle.jpg
In 1762 the Exeter nurseryman William Lucombe noticed an interesting Turkey Oak/Cork Oak hybrid that was evergreen.  He took cuttings and grew them on for sale.  He discovered that the acorns were fertile but they do not produce identical trees.  One of the original trees was planted in Kew Gardens in 1773 and it still stands there today.  More about Lucombe Oaks here.
1371 Chusan Palm
Trachycarpus fortunei
Blackmore Gardens
4 & 5 accessible trail
4 & 5 accessible trail
Also called the Chinese Fan Palm, it is a native of the mountains of China rather than a tropical beach which is why it can stand the occasional frost.  More about Chusan Palms here.
1372 Tulip Tree
Liriodendron tulipifera
Blackmore Gardens
Liriodendron Fruit
Liriodendron Fruit
Liriodendron flower
Liriodendron flower
Tulip Trees are botanically primitive, they are related to Magnolias and are found in the fossils from the Cretaceous period 70 million years ago.
More about Tulip Trees here.
1376 Holm oak
Quercus ilex
Parish ChurchA wonderful specimen that has had a crown lift (lower branches removed) to allow use of the footpath.  Holm Oak means Holly Oak because the evergreen leaves of young trees are spined like holly leaves, but it is an oak because it produces acorns.  More about Holm Oaks if you click here.
1377 Horse Chestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
Parish ChurchHeavily pollarded but it is recovering to become a splendid tree.  More about Horse Chestnuts if you click here.
1378 Horse Chestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
Parish ChurchHeavily pollarded but it is recovering to become a splendid tree again.  More about Horse Chestnuts if you click here.
1379 Turkish Hazel
Corylus colurna
Coburg RoadThe leaves are similar and the catkins are similar but, unlike the English Hazel, its Turkish cousin grows as a tree.  This young one has some way to go.
More about Turkish Hazels if you click here.
1380 Horse Chestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
One of several mature Horse Chestnuts in this part of Sidmouth.  More about Horse Chestnuts if you click here.
1381 Sweet Chestnut
Castanea sativa
Coburg RoadThis young tree has a deep scar near the base, this is what happens if you leave plastic ties on trees as they grow.  Spanish castanets get their name from being like chestnuts.  Most edible chestnuts are imported because the English climate does not produce large enough fruits.
More about Chestnuts if you click here.
1382 Horse Chestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
Coburg RoadOne of several mature Horse Chestnuts in this part of Sidmouth.  More about Horse Chestnuts if you click here.
1383 London Plane
Platanus x. hispanica
Blackmore GardensMore about London Planes if you click here.
1384 Sorthern Magnolia
Magnolia grandiflora
Heydon's LaneSmaller than the one being felled for the development of Knowle, but it might catch up in fifty years.  More about Magnolia grandiflora if you click here.
1385 Sweet Chestnut
Castanea sativa
The Byes
chestnut-catkins-fruits.JPG
chestnut-catkins-fruits.JPG
A young tree that has plenty of growing to do although space is limited at present.
More about Sweet or Spanish Chestnuts if you click here.
1386 Willow
Salix alba
The Byes
1386-willow-byes-weir.jpg
1386-willow-byes-weir.jpg
One of several weeping willows along the riverside, willows hybridise frequently and it is difficult to specify which variety this is, but it is probably a White Willow.  More about willows if you click here.
1387 Common Lime
Tilia x europaea
The ByesOne of a pair of Common Limes planted either side of the gateway about 70 years ago so younger than those along the boundary wall along Sid Road.  Common Limes have nothing to do with citrus fruits.  They are a hybrid between the two native Lime or Linden trees, Small Leaved and Large Leaved Limes, with heart shaped leaves intermediate in size.  Rather than being juicy, the fruits are small hard pods that hang in clusters under bracts that help them disperse with the wind.  More about Common Limes if you click here.
1388 Pin Oak
Quercus palustris
Knowle ParkOne of two young trees growing up in the shadow of the large Red Oak  The Latin name 'palustris' means 'of the marsh' and Pin Oaks thrive in wet ground.  More about Pin Oaks if you click here.
1389 Portuguese Laurel
Prunus lusitanica
KnowleThe laurels are taking over the garden and need serious attention, but things should improve when the Town Council take over the site from EDDC.  There two types, Portuguese and Cherry Laurel.  The Portuguese Laurel flowers in June compared to March for Cherry Laurel and its flower spikes tend to be less erect.  More about Portuguese Laurel if you click here.
1401 Tulip Tree
Liriodendron tulipifera
St John's School
Liriodendron flower
Liriodendron flower
Liriodendron Fruit
Liriodendron Fruit
Tulip Trees are botanically primitive, they are related to Magnolias and are found in the fossils from the Cretaceous period 70 million years ago.
More about Tulip Trees at the International Dendrology Society.
1402 Queensland Silver Wattle
Acacia podalyriifolia
St John's SchoolAnother visitor from Australia, its cousin Acacia dealbata or false Mimosa, with its similar but stronger yellow puffball flowers in early spring, hangs over the fence across the road.  More about Queensland Silver Wattle if you click here.
1403 Monterey Cypress
Cupressus macrocarpa
St John's SchoolVisible from the Broadway where it can be compared with the large Monterey Pine across the road.
1404 Crab Apple
Malus sp.
St John's SchoolA boon to wildlife from the nectar and pollen of spring flowers to the small apples enjoyed by blackbirds.  More about Crab Apple if you click here.
1405 Horse Chestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
St John's SchoolVisible from Convent Road.  More about Horse Chestnut if you click here.
1406 Turkey Oak
Quercus cerris
St John's SchoolVisible from Convent Road.  Part of a stand of large oaks all about 150 years old.  More about Turkey Oak if you click here.
1407 Turkey Oak
Quercus cerris
St John's SchoolVisible from Convent Road.  Part of a stand of large oaks all about 150 years old.  More about Turkey Oak if you click here.
1408 Sessile Oak
Quercus petraea
St John's SchoolOne of a mixed stand of Oaks planted about 150 years ago which coincides with the building of the Convent.  More about Sessile Oaks if you click here.
1409 Turkey Oak
Quercus cerris
St John's SchoolVisible from Convent Road.  Part of a stand of large oaks all about 150 years old.  More about Turkey Oak if you click here.
1410 Lombardy Poplar
Populus nigra Italica
St John's SchoolA variant of the native Black Poplar, it does not breed true and is propagated from cuttings.  The original tree was male and so they are all male.  More about Lombardy Poplar if you click here.
1411 Leylandii
Cupressocyparis leylandii
St John's SchoolPlanted as a screen but, as is often the case, it is getting slightly out of hand, although it will stop footballs going into the garden.  More about Leylandii here.
1412 Field Maple
Acer campestre
St John's SchoolOur native member of the Acer genus.  More about Field Maple from the Woodland Trust.
1413 Silver Birch
Betula pendula
St John's SchoolEasily recognised by its white bark, more about Silver Birch if you click here.
1414 Osier Willow
Salix viminalis
St John's SchoolOriginally a piece of art harnessing the flexibility of the stems that make them suitable for basket weaving, Osier takes root very easily and grows vigorously.  More about Osier Willow if you click here.
1415 Plane
Platanus x. hispanica
St John's SchoolA medium sized tree that will grow into a very large tree in time.  The mottled bark is caused by different layers being exposed as pieces fall away.  More about Plane trees if you click here.
1416 Rowan
Sorbus aucuparia
St John's SchoolA native tree with a rich folklore, more importantly it is a rich source of food for much of our wildlife and so promotes biodiversity.  More about Rowan if you click here.
1417 Rowan
Sorbus aucuparia
St John's SchoolA native tree with a rich folklore, more importantly it is a rich source of food for much of our wildlife and so promotes biodiversity.  More about Rowan if you click here.
1418 Plane
Platanus x. hispanica
St John's SchoolA medium sized tree that will grow into a very large tree in time.  The mottled bark is caused by different layers being exposed as pieces fall away.  More about Plane trees if you click here.
1419 Holly
Ilex aquifolium
St John's SchoolHolly leaves are prickly when the tree is young, probably as a defence against animal browsing.  On older trees, the upper leaves are not in danger of being browsed and have fewer or no spines.  More about Holly if you click here.
1420 Ash
Fraxinus excelsior
St John's SchoolThe commonest broadleaf tree in the valley, if you look at a satellite view of the valley nearly 20% of the visible canopy is Ash.  Sadly, the Ash is under fungal attack and we could lose most of our Ash trees in the next ten years to Ash Die Back.  More about Ash trees if you click here.
1421 Robinia
Robinia pseudoacacia
St John's SchoolA member of the Pea and bean family as can be seen by the racemes of white keeled flowers in early summer.  Like true acacias that provide shade in African game reserves, the False Acacia has a spreading canopy and stiff protective spines.  More about Robinia if you click here.
1422 Ash
Fraxinus excelsior
St John's SchoolThe commonest broadleaf tree in the valley, if you look at a satellite view of the valley nearly 20% of the visible canopy is Ash.  Sadly, the Ash is under fungal attack and we could lose most of our Ash trees in the next ten years to Ash Die Back.  More about Ash trees if you click here.
1423 Lawson Cypress
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana
St John's SchoolIf left, this tree will tower over the school eventually because they grow to be almost as large as Giant Redwoods.  More about Lawson, or Port Orford Cypress as they are called in the USA, if you click here.
1424 Holly
Ilex aquifolium
St John's SchoolHolly leaves are prickly when the tree is young, probably as a defence against animal browsing.  On older trees, the upper leaves are not in danger of being browsed and have fewer or no spines.  More about Holly if you click here.
1425 Norway Maple
Acer platanus purpurea
St John's SchoolA cousin to Field Maple and Sycamore, all three have the double winged fruits called samaras but the wings are set at different angles in the three species.  More about Norway Maple if you click here.
1426 Norway Maple
Acer platanus purpurea
St John's SchoolA cousin to Field Maple and Sycamore, all three have the double winged fruits called samaras but the wings are set at different angles in the three species.  More about Norway Maple if you click here.
1427 Larch
Larix decidua
St John's SchoolUnusual among conifers because it is deciduous, hence the Latin name.  Now, some Larches are a hybrid between European and Japanese Larch.  More about Larch if you click here.
1428 Kohuhu
Pittosporum tenuifolium
St John's SchoolAn ornamental import that is well established in many Sidmouth gardens.  The name Pittosporum means tarred seeds and they are coated in a sticky black resin that helps dispersal via animal fur.  More about Pittosporum if you click here.
1429 Common Lime
Tilia x europea
St John's SchoolNothing to do with citrus fruits, Lime is a corruption of the old English name Linden Tree.  Common Limes are a hybrid between the two native Limes, Large leaved and Small Leaved.  Unusually for a hybrid, Common Lime produces viable seed.  More about Common Lime if you click here.
1430 Alder
Alnus glutinosa
St John's SchoolUsually an inhabitant of wet ground and riverside, the roots of Alder can withstand being drowned   The roots have nodules containing nitrogen fixing bacteria which allows the tree to thrive in poor soil.  More about Alder if you click here.
1431 English Oak
Quercus robur
St John's SchoolA young tree with plenty of room to grow into what many consider the King of English Trees.  More about English Oak if you click here,
1432 English Oak
Quercus robur
St John's SchoolA young tree with plenty of room to grow into what many consider the King of English Trees.  More about English Oak if you click here,
1433 Poplar
Populus nigra
St John's SchoolMore about Poplar if you click here.
1434 Sycamore
Acer pseudoplatanus
St John's SchoolCousin to the Field Maple and Norway Maple.  All three have the double winged fruits called samaras but the wings are set at different angles in the three species.  More about Sycamore if you click here.
1435 Ash
Fraxinus excelsior
St John's SchoolThe commonest broadleaf tree in the valley, if you look at a satellite view of the valley nearly 20% of the visible canopy is Ash.  Sadly, the Ash is under fungal attack and we could lose most of our Ash trees in the next ten years to Ash Die Back.  More about Ash trees if you click here.
1436 Sycamore
Acer pseudoplatanus
St John's SchoolCousin to the Field Maple and Norway Maple.  All three have the double winged fruits called samaras but the wings are set at different angles in the three species.  More about Sycamore if you click here.
1437 Ash
Fraxinus excelsior
St John's SchoolThe commonest broadleaf tree in the valley, if you look at a satellite view of the valley nearly 20% of the visible canopy is Ash.  Sadly, the Ash is under fungal attack and we could lose most of our Ash trees in the next ten years to Ash Die Back.  More about Ash trees if you click here.
1438 Ginkgo
Ginkgo biloba
Cotmaton Road
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ginkgo-cotmaton.jpg
Glorious autumn colour on this 'living fossil'.  More about Ginkgos here.
1439 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Royal Glen Hotel
Royal Glen Hotel
Royal Glen Hotel
Distinctive Serotinous Cones
Distinctive Serotinous Cones
One of the splendid evergreen giants that decorate Sidmouth's skyline.  More about Monterey Pines here.
1440 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Lymebourne Park
Lymebourne Park-sml.jpg
Lymebourne Park-sml.jpg
Another of the evergreen giants that punctuate the town's skyline.  More about Monterey Pines here.
1441 Ornamental cherry
Prunus serrulata Tai Haku
Salcombe Regis churchyard
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1024 image.jpg
More about Tai Haku if you click here.
1442 Yew
Taxus baccata
Salcombe Regis church
English Yew
English Yew
English Yew leaves
English Yew leaves
Irish Yew leaves
Irish Yew leaves
This tree is an English Yew, characterised by leaves in flat pairs.  Other Yews in the churchyard are Irish Yews, a mutant form of the English Yew.  They are characterised by a fastigiate (multi-stemmed) habit and the leaves clothe the branches in tight whorls.  More about Yew trees if you click here.
1443 Red Oak
Quercus rubra
Salcombe Regis church
Red Oak
Red Oak
More about Red Oaks if you click here.
1444 Tulip Tree
Liriodendron tulipifera
Salcombe Regis church
Tulip Tree
Tulip Tree
More about Tulip Trees if you click here.
1445 Sweet Gum
Liquidambar styraciflua
Salcombe Regis church
Sweet Gum
Sweet Gum
More about Liquidambar if you click here.
1446 Silver Birch
Betula pendula
Salcombe Regis church
Silver Birch
Silver Birch
More about Birches if you click here.
1447 Paper Bark Maple
Acer griseum
Salcombe Regis church
Paper Bark Maple
Paper Bark Maple
More about Acer griseum if you click here.
1448 Hawthorn
Crataegus monogyna
Salcombe Regis church
Hawthorn
Hawthorn
An English Hawthorn with its characteristic five lobed leaves.  Compare this with the three lobed leaves of the Midland Hawthorn by the gate to the car park.  More about Hawthorns if you click here.
1449 Black Locust Tree
Robinia pseudoacacia
Salcombe Regis church
Black Locust Tree
Black Locust Tree
Actually a member of the Pea family, more about Robinia if you click here.
1450 Crab Apple
Malus sylvestris
Salcombe Regis churchWe do not know which variety this is but there is more about Crab Apple trees if you click here.
1451 Midland Hawthorn
Crataegus laevigata Rosea Flore Pleno
Salcombe Regis church
Midland Hawthorn
Midland Hawthorn
Distinct from the Common Hawthorn across the churchyard because the leaves are not so deeply indented and the flowers have more than one style in the centre.  This particular variety has double, pink flowers.  More about this particular variety if you click here.  More about the original Midland Hawthorn if you click here. 
1452 Rowan
Sorbus aucuparia
Salcombe Regis church
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rowan-fruit.jpg
There is much mythology around Rowans, you can find out more if you click here.
1453 Irish Yew
Taxus baccata Fastigiata
Salcombe Regis church
Irish Yew leaves
Irish Yew leaves
One of two Irish Yews in the churchyard.  A variant of the English Yew, Fastigiata means it has multiple stems and the leaves are clustered round the stems.  The English Yew sometimes has small basal shoots with clustered leaves but generally it has leaves in two flat rows on the main branches.  More about Irish Yews if you click here.
1454 Sawtooth Oak
Quercus acutissima
KnappPlanted by our President, Diana East.  More about Sawtooth Oaks if you click here.
1455 Lime
Tilia x europea
The ByesOne of sevarlMore about Limes if you click here.
1456 Huntingdon Elm
Ulmus x hollandica
The Byes
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1456-huntingdon-elm-byes
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An eighteenth century hybrid cross between the native Wych Elm and the Field Elm from Europe.  The Huntingdon Elm has some resistance to Dutch Elm Disease and there are at least two mature Huntingdon Elms in Sidmouth, the other is tree 1622 in Bickwell Valley.
More about Huntingdon Elm if you click here.
1458 Norway Maple
Acer platanoides
The ByesMore about Norway Maples if you click here.
1459 Crack Willow
Salix fragilis
The ByesMore about Crack Willows if you click here.
1460 Horse Chestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
The ByesMore about Horse Chestnuts if you click here.
1461 Robusta Poplar
Populus x canadensis Robusta
The ByesAlso called the False Lombardy Poplar, this is a fast growing hybrid of Black Poplar with the American Eastern Cottonwood.  More about Black Poplars if you click here.
1462 Hop Hornbeam
Ostrya carpinifolia
The ByesA close relative of the European Hornbeam, the Hop Hornbeam originates in the eastern Mediterranean.  More about Hop Hornbeam trees if you click here.
1463 Tulip Tree
Liriodendron tulipifera
The ByesA primitive member of the Magnolia family with fossil ancestors from the Cretaceous period.  More about Tulip Trees if you click here.
1464 Blue Atlas Cedar
Cedrus atlantica glauca
Lawns area of the Byes
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cedar-blue.jpg
Glorious colour of this young tree between stations 4 and 5 of the Sidmouth Tree Trail.  More about Atlas Cedars if you click here.
1465 Alder
Alnus glutinosa
The ByesOne of several Alders that grow along the river bank.  More about Alders if you click here.
1466 Beech
Fagus sylvatica
The ByesBetween 70 and 100 years old and with room to spread out, this tree is developing into a fine speciment.  More about Beech trees if you click here.
1467 Hornbeam
Carpinus betulus
The ByesMore about Horbeams if you click here.
1468 Weeping Willow
Salix sp.
The Byes
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One of several Weeping Willows along the river.  There are many hybrids but most Weeping Willows get their weeping form from the Babylon Willow originally from China.  
More about Weeping Willows if you click here.
1469 Alder
Alnus glutinosa
The ByesOne of the many Alders that grow along the river which is their typical habitat.  They tend to have very straight trunks and spread by suckers so you often see them in clumps.More about Alders if you click here.
1470 Weeping Willow
Salix sp.
The Byes
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1470-weeping-willow-byes.JPG
There are several willow hybrids that weep so gracefully, they love to have their roots in water.  This one is most likely to be a White Willow.
More about Weeping Willow if you click here.
1471 Black Locust Tree
Robinia pseudoacacia
The ByesAlso called the False Acacia, this thorny visitor from North America is a member of the pea and bean family and it has racemes of white pea flowers in early summer.  More about Robinia if you click here.
1472 Horse Chestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
The ByesMore about Horse Chestnuts if you click here.
1473 Lime
Tilia x europea
The ByesA pair of mature Limes with their characteristic epicormic brushwood around the base.  More about Limes if you click here.
1474 Single-Leaf Ash
Fraxinus anomala
The Byes
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This tree has the characteristic black buds of an Ash tree but the leaves are unusual because they are simple not compound.  That means they only have a single leaf not the usual multiple leaflets that you find on the English Ash.  More about Single-Leaf Ash trees if you click here.   

Information on Ash Die Back if you click here.
1475 Beech
Fagus sylvatica
The ByesOne of several mature Beech trees in this part of The Byes, this tree, with a girth of nearly 3 metres, is about 125 years old.  Like many trees in this part of The Byes,the clean, straight trunk indicates that it grew surrounded by other trees.  Compare it with Beech 1466 near the weir which has grown in open space and spread its branches from an early age.  More about Beech trees if you click here.
1476 Sycamore
Acer pseudoplatanus
The ByesMore about Sycamore trees if you click here.
1477 English Oak
Quercus robur
The ByesMore about English or Pedunculate Oaks if you click here.
1478 Hornbeam
Carpinus betulus
The ByesA mature tree with the characteristic swirling bark patterns leaning over the river.  More about Hornbeam trees if you click here.
1479 English Oak
Quercus robur
The ByesA young tree that we hope will be around for a long time to take the place of the older trees as they come to the end of their lives.  More about English or Pedunculate Oak trees if you click here.
1480 Ginkgo
Ginkgo biloba
The ByesTwo Ginkgo trees planted by Friends of The Byes.  These exotic visitors from China are the most primitive trees alive today.  They have close relatives in the fossil record going back 300 million years.  More about these living fossils if you click here.
1481 Lime
Tilia x europea
The ByesMore about Lime trees if you click here.
1482 Sycamore
Acer pseudoplatanus
The ByesMore about Sycamores if you click here.
1483 Horse Chestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
The ByesMore about Horse Chestnut trees if you click here.
1484 Prickly Castor Oil Tree
Kalopanax septemlobus
Glen Goyle
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Kalopanax septemlobus.JPG
Seven lobed leaf
Seven lobed leaf
Kalopanax spiny branch
Kalopanax spiny branch
An unusual tree to find in here, perhaps it is a self sown seed brought in from one of the nearby gardens by birds.  More about Kalopanax if you click here.
1485 Norway Maple
Acer platanoides
Knowle ParkMore about Norway Maples if you click here.
1486 Horse Chestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
Knowle ParkA young tree that will take over when the nearby, older Horse  Chestnuts come to the end of their lives.  More about Horse Chestnuts if you click here.
1487 Horse Chestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
Knowle ParkOne of several mature Horse Chestnuts along the railings and the roadside.  With a girth of over 3 metres, this tree is about 130 years old and so was planted at about the time the old hotel underwent a major redevelopment.  More about Horse Chestnuts if you click here.
1488 Horse Chestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
Knowle ParkThis was one of several Horse Chestnuts planted about 120 years ago when the hotel was being redeveloped but it succumbed to disease in 2018 and was reduced to this sad stump.  Find out more about Horse Chestnut diseases by clicking here.
1489 English Oak
Quercus robur
The ByesGrowing happily despite major damage to the bark on the lower trung which goes three quarters of the way round.  More about English Oaks if you click here.
1490 Handkerchief Tree
Davidia involucrata
Glen Goyle
Davidia Glen Goyle
Davidia Glen Goyle
Handkerchiefs Glen Goyle
Handkerchiefs Glen Goyle
Unlike the examples in The Knowle and Sidholme, this Handkerchief Tree has thrust upwards because it is growing in the shade of larger trees.  You have to look up in May to see the hanging white bracts that give it its common name.  More about Handkerchief Trees if you click here.
1491 Strawberry Dogwood
Cornus kousa
Glen GoyleQuite nondescript until the flowers open in early June.  The actual flowers are small inflorescence but they are enhanced by four large, white bracts flushed with red.  They then develop into red, strawberry like fruits which are actually edible.  The leaves put on a good display of autumn colour.
More about Cornus kousa if you click here.
1492 Silver Lime
Tilia tomentosa
Knowle Park
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This elegant Silver Lime with its silver backed leaves and characteristic flowers attached to a bract to aid seed dispersal is rather lost tucked away in its corner.  The flowers are laden with a sugar that is a narcotic for bees.  More about Silver Limes if you click here.
1493 Yew
Taxus baccata
Knowle Park
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A line of English Yews marking the southern boundary of the park, probably planted by Richard Thornton in the 1860s from the size.  More about Yew trees if you click here.
1494 Crab Apple
Malus sylvestris
Salcombe Regis churchA large tree which is great for pollinators and birds.  More about Crab Apples if you click here.
1495 Beech
Fagus sylvatica
Salcombe Regis churchMore about Beech trees if you click here.
1496 Beech
Fagus sylvatica
Salcombe Regis churchMore about Beech trees if you click here.
1498 Ginkgo
Ginkgo biloba
The ByesOne of several of these fascinating trees in The Byes and around Sidmouth.  Described as a living fossil, identical trees can be found in Permian fossils dating back 270 million years.  More about Ginkgo if you click here.
1499 Caucasian Elm
Zelkova carpinifolia
The ByesOne of several Caucasian Elms in the Byes, a line has been planted by the boundary with Hunter's Moon to replace Horse Chestnuts that are being killed by canker and leaf miners.  Sadly, Caucasian Elms can succumb to Dutch Elm Disease so this might not be a long-term solution.  For more about Zelkova click here.
1500 Lombardy Poplar
Populus nigra Italica
The ByesA line of five Lombardy Poplars that are reaching an age where they will be vulnerable to storm damage.  More about Lombardy Poplars if you click here.
1501 Holm oak
Quercus ilex
The ByesA young tree, part of planned succession planting because the large Holm Oaks further along the Lawns are reaching a mature age, hopefully they have many years left in them but they will be gone one day.  More about Holm Oaks if you click here.
1502 Ash
Fraxinus excelsior
The ByesA mature tree that had to be pruned quite severely to avoid branches being dropped in a very public area.  It is amazing to watch a tree recover from such extreme treatment.  More about Ash trees if you click here.
1503 Tulip Tree
Liriodendron tulipifera
More about Tulip Trees if you click here.
1504 Caucasian Elm
Zelkova carpinifolia
The ByesMore about Zelkova if you click here.
1505 Norway Maple
Acer platanoides
The ByesOne of several Norway Maples in the The Byes.  The upswept, nectar rich flowers that appear in April are distinct from their cousins the Sycamore whose flowers hand in long bunches.  Also, the double winged fruits, called samaras, are set at about 135 degrees apart while Sycamore samaras are at a more acute angle of about 60 degrees. The leaves are similar to the one on the Canadian flag with points on each lobe.  More about Norway Maple if you click here.
1506 Western Red Cedar
Thuja plicata
The ByesA Cypress rather than a true Cedar, this is a small tree only about 40 years old, but Western Red Cedars grow to 70m (230ft) in western USA and Canada.  More about Western Red Cedar if you click here.
1507 Atlas Cedar
Cedrus atlantica glauca
The ByesA true Cedar, the upswept branches distinguish it from the Deodar Cedar which has downswept branches and the Cedar of Lebanon with horizontal plates of foliage.  This tree is about 50 years old.  More about Atlas Cedars if you click here.
1508 Western Hemlock
Tsuga heterophylla
The ByesMore about Western Hemlocks by clicking here.
1509 Beech
Fagus sylvatica
The ByesOne of three Beeches in this woodland corner.  More about Beech trees if you click here.
1510 Douglas Fir
Pseudotsuga menziesii
The ByesNamed after the renowned plant hunter David Douglas who came to an untimely end when exploring Hawaii.  Large areas of the hill tops around the valley are covered in commercial plantations of Douglas Fir.  This stand of conifers all appear to be about 40 years of age.  It is a pity they were planted so close together.  More about Douglas Firs if you click here.
1512 Horse Chestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
The ByesTwo of a line of Horse Chestnuts planted alongside the hedge dividing the Byes and Hunter's Moon garden about 80 years ago, possibly to mark Annie Leigh Browne's death and her bequest of 20 acres of the Byes to the National Trust.  Several have had to be removed because of disease and the red flowered one on the left of this pair is struggling.  More about Horse Chestnuts if you click here.
1513 Black Locust Tree
Robinia pseudoacacia
The ByesMore about Robinia if you click here.
1515 Sycamore
Acer pseudoplatanus
The ByesSycamores may take over from Ash as the commonest large tree in the valley as the Ash trees die back.  The good news is that they support quite a large number of species of wildlife.  More about Sycamores if you click here.
1516 Grey Alder
Alnus incana
The ByesAlders enjoy growing in wet ground and there are many along the river, but Grey Alder from Scandinavia can tolerate much drier and poor ground.  They are planted on reclamation sites because their roots can fix nitrogen to improve fertility.  The main distinguishing feature from native Alder is that the leaves do not have a notch at the tip.  More about Grey Alder if you click here.
1517 Himalayan Tree Cotoneaster
Cotoneaster frigidus
The Byes
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With its nectar rich flowers and profusion of berries, this large relative of the more common shrub Cotoneasters is a great help to wildlife.  More about Cotoneaster frigidus if you click here.
1518 Western Red Cedar
Thuja plicata
The Byes
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This evergreen conifer seems out of place among all the broadleaves by the river but, with its alternative name of Giant Red Cedar, it will grow very quickly to dwarf the other trees.  More about Western Red Cedars if you click here.
1519 Whitebeam
Sorbus aria
The ByesNamed after the downy white underside of the new leaves in spring, this cousin of the Rowan provides food for pollinators, various caterpillars and birds.  More about Whitebeams if you click here.
1520 Norway Maple
Acer platanoides Crimson King
The ByesThis cousin of the Sycamore is actually native to most of northern Europe not just Norway.  The leaves are very similar to the leaf on the Canadian flag but the Canadian leaf is stylised and not from any natural leaf.  Crimson King is the most common variety with dark red/purple leaves.  More about Norway Maple if you click here.
1521 Silver Birch
Betula pendula
The ByesEasily recognisable by the white bark on the younger parts of the tree.  These are quick growing but do not live very long, usually less than a hundred years.  Their roots are associated with the red and white Fly Agaric toadstool.  More about Silver Birch if you click here.
1522 Beech
Fagus sylvatica
The ByesMore about Beech trees if you click here.
1523 Japanese Yew
Taxus cuspidata
Glen GoyleMore about Japanese Yews if you click here.
1524 Japanese Maple
Acer palmatum
Glen GoyleThere are so many varieties of Japanese Maple it is difficult to know which one this is, but it is beautiful.  The paired winged seeds show that it is in the Acer genus along with Sycamores.
1525 Turkey Oak
Quercus cerris
Glen GoyleIn a garden but the tree is so large you can walk underneath it on the path between Seafield Lane and Glen Goyle.  More about Turkey Oak if you click here.
1526 English Oak
Quercus robur
Glen GoyleAs with the nearby Turkey Oak, you walk under this large tree as you take the path between Seafield Lane and Glen Goyle.  More on English Oak if you click here.
1527 Monterey Cypress
Cupressus macrocarpa
Manor RoadPossibly the best local example of these fine trees because it has not been topped and so retains its natural shape.  More about Monterey Cypress if you click here.
1528 Douglas Fir
Pseudotsuga menziesii
KnowleHiding in the thick undergrowth behind the large Tulip Tree 1122 is a large Douglas Fir.  More about Douglas Fir if you click here.
1529 English Oak
Quercus robur
Knowle Park
Knopper Galls
Knopper Galls
This large Oak is at least 250 years old and so predates the Knowle estate.  It was probably standing in the hedge that divided the fields of the farmland that was bought to form the estate.  More about English Oaks if you click here.
1530 Turkey Oak
Quercus cerris
Knowle Park
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1530-Lucombe-hybrid-trunk.jpg
This tree holds many of its leaves until January and so is a hybrid not a pure Turkey Oak.  Holding on to its leaves makes it like a Lucombe Oak, a hybrid between a Turkey Oak and an evergreen Cork Oak, but a true  Lucombe Oak would hold its leaves until fresh leaves open in late spring.  With a girth of nearly four metres, it could be old enough to be one of the direct offspring from the first true Lucombe Oak.  
More about Lucombe Oaks if you click here.
1531 Sycamore
Acer pseudoplatanus
KnowleThis tree is about 120 years old and so planted around the time that the hotel was redeveloped.  The driveway is private land but there is a concessionary pathway up to the entrance to the development.  More about Sycamores if you click here.
1532 Sycamore
Acer pseudoplatanus
Tipton Playing FieldMeasured by children from Willow class at Tipton School.
1553 Silver Maple
Acer saccharinum
Tipton Playing FieldMeasured by the children of Willow class at Tipton Primary School.  More about Silver Maples if you click here.
1554 Cherry
Prunus cerasus
Tipton Playing FieldMeasured by the children of Willow class at Tipton school.  One of several cherry trees in this area.  More about cherry trees if you click here.
1555 Silver Birch
Betula pendula
Tipton Playing FieldMeasured by the children of Willow class at Tipton school.  More about Silver Birches if you click here.
1557 Holm Oak
Quercus ilex
Tipton Playing FieldSee more later
1558 Sweet Gum
Liquidambar styraciflua
Station Road
1558 Sweet Gum
1558 Sweet Gum
Growing inside the garden wall of Audley, this tree can be appreciated fully from the footway across the road.  Often planted for their glorious autumn colour, Sweet Gums were imported from their native North America in the 17th century.  More about Sweet Gums if you click here.
1559 Small Leaved Lime
Tilia cordata
Knowle
Small leaves 8x8cm
Small leaves 8x8cm
Fruits angled
Fruits angled
Small Leaved Lime
Small Leaved Lime
Small leaved Limes are a native species and, with Broad Leaved Limes, are one half of the hybrid European Limes which dominate areas of the parkland.  They can be distinguished by their smaller leaves, but also the fruits hang at various angles rather than all hanging down as they do on the European Limes. 
1560 Holly
Ilex aquifolium
Parish Churchyard
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Holly is one of the few evergreen native trees.  The leaves of young growth have sharp spines around the edge which offer protection from browsing animals.  Mature growth, high off the ground, does not need such protection and these leaves often have no spines.  Only female Hollies bear the distinctive red berries.  The berries are mildly poisonous to us but are an important winter food for birds and small mammals.  There is all sorts of mythology around Hollies.  For more about Holly trees, click here.
1561 Harlequin Glorybower
Clerodendrum trichotomum
Glen Goyle
Harlequin Glorybower Fruit
Harlequin Glorybower Fruit
Harlequin Glorybower
Harlequin Glorybower
Originally from western China, this small tree has fragrant white flowers in the summer.  The petals fall to reveal the green sepals which turn crimson as the fruits ripen.  The fruit is a a green berry which turns white, then bright blue and finally purple.  Another name is the peanut butter plant because the leaves smell of peanuts if crushed.  More about Clerodendrum if you click here.
1562 Large-leaved Lime
Tilia platyphyllos
Riverside Road
Large-leaved Lime
Large-leaved Lime
Large Lime leaves
Large Lime leaves
One of eight Large-leaved Limes along Riverside Road.  They have been pollarded to prevent them dominating the houses but they are thriving.  Large-leaved Limes are one of two native Limes (nothing to do with the citrus fruit) and were hybridised with Small-leaved Limes to produce the European Lime which are now the commonest form.
More about Large-leaved Limes if you click here.
1563 Scots Pine
Pinus sylvestris
Riverside Road
Scots Pine
Scots Pine
1563-scots-pine.JPG
1563-scots-pine.JPG

We call it the Scots Pine but Pinus sylvestris is the world's most widely distributed Pine and occurs right across Eurasia from Scotland to China.  Our only native Pine, the Scots Pine is much finer than the Monterey Pines that stand out across the valley.  The bark is tinged orange, the needles are set in pairs, and the cones are smaller and do not stay on the tree for years.  This tree has clearly had a difficult life and has grown in a contorted shape which I find quite appealing.  More about Scots Pine if you click here.
1564 Pin Oak
Quercus palustris
Garden of Knowle
oak-pin-knowle-garden.jpg
oak-pin-knowle-garden.jpg
pin-oak-leaf-under.jpg
pin-oak-leaf-under.jpg
Planted for their autumn colour, Pin Oaks come from the Eastern USA.  They have the alternative name Swamp Oak and they cope with the wet ground of the Knowle.  
The deeply cut leaves are very different to English Oaks but you can be sure it is an Oak because it has acorns.
More about Pin Oaks if you click here.
1565 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Broadway
1565-monterey-pine-broadway.jpg
1565-monterey-pine-broadway.jpg
monterey-pine-cones.JPG
monterey-pine-cones.JPG
Another of the huge trees that dominate the skyline so often in Sidmouth having been a favourite of late Victorian garden owners. As always, easy to identify by the triple needle clusters and the fist sized cones that are retained up in the canopy.  More about Monterey Pines if you click here.
1566 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Station Road
1566-Monterey-Pine.jpg
1566-Monterey-Pine.jpg
monterey-pine-cones.JPG
monterey-pine-cones.JPG
Younger than many of the Monterey Pines growing around Sidmouth, but it will dominate the skyline as some of the older conifers behind in Balfour Manor die.  More about Monterey Pines if you click here.
1567 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Byes Margaret's Meadow
1567-monterey-pines.JPG
1567-monterey-pines.JPG
Part of the large stand of mature Monterey Pines between Livonia Road and Margaret's Meadow in The Byes.  More about Monterey Pines if you click here.
1568 Monkey Puzzle
Araucaria araucana
Knowle parkland
IMG_2407.JPG
IMG_2407.JPG
Rescued from elsewhere on the site because it was in the way of the PegasusLife development.  Araucarias are very primitive trees that date back to the time of the dinosaurs.  Native to Chile they have the alternative common name of Chilean Pine although they are not actually pines.  They are now endangered in their home territory because of human activity.  More about Monkey Puzzles if you click here.
1569 Monkey Puzzle
Araucaria araucana
Stowford Rise
Planting February 2020
Planting February 2020
It is only small, but give it time.  These primitive conifers have been around since the time of the dinosaurs.  The name Monkey Puzzle is misleading because there are no monkeys in southern Chile where they originate.  Their other name of Chilean Pine is also misleading because they are not in the Pine family.  The seeds, only produced when the tree is large enough, taste delicious.
More about these curious trees if you click here.
1570 English Oak
Quercus robur 2m
Stowford Rise
acorns-knopper-galls.JPG
acorns-knopper-galls.JPG
Planted in 2020, hopefully it will live until 3020.  More about English Oaks if you click here. 
1571 Austrian Pine
Pinus nigra Austriaca
Stowford Rise
1571-pinus-nigra-austriaca.jpg
1571-pinus-nigra-austriaca.jpg
Planted in 2020 as part of the collaboration with Sidmouth Town Council.  A fast growing variety of the Black Pine, more about Austrian Pine if you click here.
1572 Red Maple
Acer rubrum Red Sunset
Stowford Rise
Planting day
Planting day
Planted in 2020 as part of the collaboration with Sidmouth Town Council.  More about Red Maple if you click here.
1573 Cedar of Lebanon
Cedrus libani
Stowford Rise
1573-cedar-of-lebanon.JPG
1573-cedar-of-lebanon.JPG
Planted as part of the collaboration with Sidmouth Town Council.  Much more information about Cedars of Lebanon if you click here.
1574 Tulip Tree
Liriodendron tulipifera
Stowford Rise
Planting day
Planting day
A fast growing member of the Magnolia family with unusual leaves and, when it is mature, buttery yellow cup-shaped flowers reminiscent of tulips, hence the name.  More about Tulip Trees if you click here.
1575 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Stowford Rise
1575-Monterey Pine
1575-Monterey Pine
Planted as part of the collaboration with Sidmouth Town Council.  More about Monterey Pines if you click here.
1576 Mulberry
Morus nigra King James
Long Park
1576-mulberry-long-park
1576-mulberry-long-park
This Mulberry was planted in 2020 by Roger and Ann Worthington to mark ten years since their son-in-law, serving with the Royal Marines, was killed in Helmand Province, Afghanistan - where groves of mulberry trees grow in abundance. 

More about Mulberries if you click here.
1578 Irish Yew
Taxus baccata Fastigiata
Parish Church
1578-irish-yew-female
1578-irish-yew-female
A pair of female Irish Yews, these are thought to be a mutation of English Yews.  They differ in two main ways, they are fastigiate, that means multi-stemmed, and the leaves are clustered all around all the stems while English Yews have most leaves in two flat rows.  English Yews have clustered leaves on some small upright stems that spring from the base and the mutation seems to make these the main growth.
More about Irish Yews if you click here.
1579 English Yew
Taxus baccata
Sidmouth parish church
yew-english-leaves
yew-english-leaves
1579-yew-english-church
1579-yew-english-church
Sidmouth Tree Trail no. 2. There are three species of Yew in the churchyard, English, Irish and Japanese.  The English and Japanese Yews have a main trunk while the Irish Yews are fastigiate - multi-stemmed.  The English Yews have leaves spread on the twigs in flat rows, Japanese Yews have the leaves in two rows but twisted upwards, and the Irish Yews have whorls of leaves.  This tree is a female Enhglish Yew which bears seeds inside a red aril which is a modified cone.
More about English Yew trees if you click here.
1580 English Yew
Taxus baccata
Parish ChurchyardMore about English Yew if you click here.
1581 Japanese Yew
Taxus cuspidata
Parish ChurchyardMore about Japanese Yew if you click here.
1582 Irish Yew
Taxus baccata fastigiata
Parish Churchyard
1582-yew-irish-church
1582-yew-irish-church
More about Irish Yew if you click here.
1583 English Yew
Taxus baccata
Parish Churchyard
1583-english-yew-female
1583-english-yew-female
More about English Yew if you click here.
1584 English Yew
Taxus baccata
Parish Churchyard
1584-english-yew-female
1584-english-yew-female
More about English Yew if you click here.
1585 English Yew
Taxus baccata
Parish Churchyard
1585-english-yew-male
1585-english-yew-male
More about English Yew if you click here.
1586 English Yew
Taxus baccata
Parish Churchyard
1586-english-yew-male
1586-english-yew-male
More about English Yew if you click here.
1587 English Yew
Taxus baccata
Parish Churchyard
1587-english-yew-female
1587-english-yew-female
More about English Yew if you click here.
1588 English Yew
Taxus baccata
Parish Churchyard
1588-english-yew-female
1588-english-yew-female
More about English Yew if you click here.
1589 Irish Yew
Taxus baccata fastigiata
Parish Churchyard
1589-irish-yew-female
1589-irish-yew-female
More about Irish Yew if you click here.
1590 Irish Yew
Taxus baccata fastigiata
Parish Churchyard
1590-irish-yew-female
1590-irish-yew-female
More about Irish Yew if you click here.
1591 Japanese Yew
Taxus cuspidata
Parish Church
1591-1592-japanese-english-yew
1591-1592-japanese-english-yew
1591 Japanese Yew
1591 Japanese Yew
Distinct from the English or Common Yews in the churchyard because the leaves are turned upwards rather than downwards and the flowers occur is clusters rather than singly.
More about Japanese Yews here.
1592 Common or English Yew
Taxus baccata
Parish Church
1591-1592-japanese-english-yew
1591-1592-japanese-english-yew
Common or English Yew, distinct from its Japanese neighbour with leaves in two flats rows instead of curled upwards.  Also fewer flowers which makes it appear a harder green in spring.  More about Common Yew if you click here.
1593 Silver Maple
Acer saccharinum
Long Park
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IMG_2082.JPG
Silver Maple leaves
Silver Maple leaves
Donated by former town councillor Chris Wale to celebrate his Silver Wedding Anniversary.  Often chosen because of their glorious autumn colour, Silver Maples get their name because the underside of the leaves have a waxy coat that makes them a shimmery silver/white.
More about Silver Maple if you click here.
1594 Pear
Pyrus communis Fondante d'Automne
Stowford Orchard
1594-pear-fondante-d'automne
1594-pear-fondante-d'automne
According to RHS 'Fondante d'Automne' has fruit with fine, melting, juicy, well-flavoured flesh with smooth, russetted, pale green and yellow skin. Pollination group 3; season of use late September and October
1595 Plum
Opal
Stowford Orchard
1595-opal-plum.jpg
1595-opal-plum.jpg

Opal has dark red fruits of good flavour which ripen earlier than Victoria.  Introduced from from Sweden in 1925.


1596 Damson
Shropshire Prune
Stowford Orchard
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1596-shropshire-prune-damson.jpg

Perhaps the best tasting of the Damsons, a good choice if you are looking to grow plums in damper /northern regions of the country.
A good cooking damson, rich and astringent, but can also be eaten raw. Self fertile with good natural disease resistance.

1597 Apple
Hockings Green
Stowford Orchard
1597-hockings-green.jpg
1597-hockings-green.jpg
Hockings Green is a hardy dual purpose apple tree that can withstand wet and windy weather. As well as being resistant to canker it keeps well and can still be used at Christmas time. It keeps it's shape when cooked making it good for tarts (see our blog for recipes). This is a classic English variety found in Callington, Cornwall.
1598 Apple
Peter Lock
Stowford Orchard
1598-peter-lock.jpg
1598-peter-lock.jpg

Peter Lock is another apple tree perfect for those looking for a dual purpose eating and cooking apple. When eaten fresh the apple is sweet and subtly scented and when cooked it produces a smooth very sweet bright gold puree. The apples are large and green with a red flush. Originates from Buckfastleigh in Devon in the early 19th century.

1599 Apple
Colloggett Pippin
Stowford Orchard
1599-colloggett-pippin-cider.jpg
1599-colloggett-pippin-cider.jpg

Colloggett Pippin is a very popular Cornish variety from the Tamar Valley, dating back to the early 1920s. It is a dual purpose sharp apple and makes a very good dry, light cider. The apples are large and striking in appearance; pale yellow, angular and with bold red stripes. Also known as Cornish Giant, trees are spreading and produce regular crops. When cooked Colloggett Pippin turns to a brisk gold puree, perfect for a proper Cornish apple sauce!

1600 Apple
Camelot
Stowford Orchard
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1600-camelot-cider.jpg

Camelot will produce a mild, bitter-sharp cider, best blended with other bittersweet apples. It originates from Somerset in the mid 19th century and is a useful dual-purpose fruit, cooking down to an excellent sharp golden puree. It is a fairly vigorous tree with good general disease resistance. Apples can be picked from mid-October and if stored correctly will keep through until January. A good choice for an orchard.

1601 Apple
St Edmunds Russet
Stowford Orchard
1601-st-edmunds-russet.jpg
1601-st-edmunds-russet.jpg

St Edmunds Russet produces a very attractive golden russet and is ready to pick by the end of September. Similar in taste to an 'Egremont Russet', it is arguably juicy and richer in flavour than the more widely know 'Egremont', with notes of vanilla and pear. It is generally an easy tree to grow, with a neat habit and good disease resistance and will tolerate a wide range of growing conditions. It can be dated back to 1875, developed by Mr R. Harvey of Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk.

1602 Apple
Blenheim Orange
Stowford Orchard
1602-blenheim-orange.jpg
1602-blenheim-orange.jpg

Blenheim Orange is a dual-purpose variety that is sweet and nutty to taste and can also be used for apple sauces. The tree itself is strong limbed and produces heavy crops. This variety was found near Blenheim, Oxfordshire in 1840.

1603 Apple
Tregonna King
Stowford Orchard
1603-tregonna-king.jpg
1603-tregonna-king.jpg

Tregonna King grows a good dual-purpose eater and cooker with a sweet flavour that improves with time, thought to be at it's best when stored until or just after Christmas. The apples themselves are large and golden, flushed with red and orange and slightly russetted. The tree grows vigorously and generally crops well. Originally from Rezare near Launceston in Cornwall.

1604 Apple
Breadfruit
Stowford Orchard
1604-breadfruit.jpg
1604-breadfruit.jpg

Breadfruit is a second early/mid dessert apple known to be growing in the Tamar Valley back to 1900. Good for cooking in tarts as when sliced it does not break down. Genetic testing shows it to be the same as Bloody Butcher in the National Fruit Collection. A variety re-discovered by James Evans and Mary Martin.

1605 Apple
Catshead
Stowford Orchard
1605-catshead.jpg
1605-catshead.jpg

Catshead is believed to a be a very old English apple, with citations dating back to 1629. Viewed from the side the fruit can sometimes bear resemblance to the shape of a cat’s head - though you might have to use your imagination! It cooks down to a sharp, firm puree, making it perfect for sauces and stewed apple. Also sometimes called Pig’s Snout.

1606 Apple
Ashmead's Kernel
Stowford Orchard
1606-ashmeads-kernel.jpg
1606-ashmeads-kernel.jpg

Ashmead’s Kernel is an old English dessert apple dating back to the 1700s, Ashmead’s Kernel is arguably the best tasting traditional variety. Its flavour is complex with sweet pear drop and sharp citrus undertones. It is a firm apple with slight russetting, excellent for eating, juicing and cider making. It has good disease resistance making it great for organic growing and its attractive blossom makes a pretty display in the spring. This is one of our favourites!

1607 Apple
King Byerd
Stowford Orchard
1607-king-byerd.jpg
1607-king-byerd.jpg

King Byerd is an old Cornish cooking variety, very disease resistant. It is a reliable and prolific cropper.  The fruit has green skin, which turns yellow when ripened, developing flecks of red and grey russet. It is harvested from late October. It has a sharp, sweet taste, resulting in its mostly being recommended for cooking meals and desserts.  It is considered at its best from January to March, when it mellows to have a sweet, sharp taste.

1608 Apple
Allington Pippin
Stowford Orchard
1608-allington-pippin.jpg
1608-allington-pippin.jpg

Allington Pippin is a great quality late season dual purpose apple. It was originally bred by Thomas Laxton of Lincolnshire, c.1880 from a King of the Pippins x Cox's Orange Pippin cross. Can be used as a cooker in November and makes a brisk, aromatic and juicy eating apple by December. It has a bittersweet flavour so it can also be useful as a cider apple. Moderate vigour and good general disease resistance - suitable for northern and south west England.

1609 Apple
Annie Elizabeth
Stowford Orchard
1609-annie-elizabeth.jpg
1609-annie-elizabeth.jpg

Annie Elizabeth is an old English variety raised c.1857 by Samuel Greatorex of Leicester. It makes an excellent stewing apple that keeps its shape when cooked and has a sweet, light flavour that requires little added sugar. It is an attractive apple that stores well, and fruits are consistently healthy and blemish free. It has pretty ornamental blossom and it is known to be a fairly hardy tree, making it a popular choice in colder areas and further North.

1610 Apple
Beauty Of Bath
Stowford Orchard
1610-beauty-of-bath.jpg
1610-beauty-of-bath.jpg

Beauty of Bath is a sweet and juicy apple with a sharp acid tang. It is one of the earliest ripening varieties and can be picked straight from the tree. The apples have a beautiful pink stained flesh and a pleasant fruity aroma. They make fairly vigorous trees with good disease resistance and produce regular heavy crops. The apples were very popular in Bath during the 19th Century where they were grown in local orchards. Traditionally straw was spread under the trees to soften the blow as the apples fell to the ground! It remains a very popular household variety to this day.

1611 Bullace
Prunus insititia
Stowford Orchard
1611-Bullace.jpg
1611-Bullace.jpg

Bullace is a sort of wild plum, closely related to Blackthorn  and to damsons. It's found in hedgerows in the wild, their fruit ripens later than Blackthorn and so adds variety to a wildlife hedge.  Bullace fruit fell out of culinary favour as it's not as large or as sweet as damson, so is usually cooked.

1612 Apple
Cornish Pine
Stowford Orchard
1612-cornish-pine.jpg
1612-cornish-pine.jpg

Cornish Pine is an excellent dual-purpose apple with a rich flavour developing a taste of pineapple. A seedling of the variety Cornish Gilliflower. Also known as Red Ribbed Greening.

1613 Apple
Hoary Morning
Stowford Orchard
1613-hoary-morning.jpg
1613-hoary-morning.jpg

Hoary Morning is an old Somerset variety dating back to the early 1800s. It is a particularly beautiful apple, with bright pink and crimson stripes over golden yellow. The name refers to the soft hoary appearance on the skin, like that of a peach. It has a sweet, rich flesh and will keep its shape when cooked, making it a useful dual-purpose apple. It also has excellent disease resistance making it popular with organic growers, and if stored correctly will keep through to the spring.

1614 Apple
Cornish Aromatic
Stowford Orchard
1614-cornish-aromatic.jpg
1614-cornish-aromatic.jpg

Cornish Aromatic, as the name suggests, this is a sweet but spicy Cornish apple that also has a sharp quality to its flavour. The fruit have a russetted skin and the tree is vigorous and hardy. Found in Cornwall in 1813 this is a traditional English apple.

1615 Apple
Barnack Beauty
Stowford Orchard
1615-barnack-beauty.jpg
1615-barnack-beauty.jpg

Barnack Beauty produces striking blossom and attractive red apples that are good for both dessert and culinary use. The apples are crisp and refreshing with a crunchy flesh. It was first raised about 1840 from the village of Barnack, Cambridgeshire and remains a popular East of England heritage variety. We find this will keep through until well after Christmas.

1616 Apple
Claygate Pearmain
Stowford Orchard
1616-claygate-pearmain.jpg
1616-claygate-pearmain.jpg

Claygate Pearmain, a nutty, aromatic eating apple, was very popular in Victorian England and was often planted in the orchards of manor houses at the time. It originates from the village of Claygate, Surrey, U.K, in 1821. It has variable russetting with pink/red flushes over green, giving a silver tinge. Its flavour has a good balance of sugar and acidity and as a variety Claygate Pearmain offers excellent disease resistance.

1617 Crab Apple
Malus x robusta Red Sentinel
Stowford Orchard
1617-red-sentinel.jpg
1617-red-sentinel.jpg
1617-red-sentinel-fruit.jpg
1617-red-sentinel-fruit.jpg

Sponsored with a generous donation from Dee Patterson.  'Red Sentinel' is a medium-sized deciduous Crab Apple tree with single white flowers 3cm in width, followed by clusters of cherry-like, glossy, deep red fruits 2.5cm in width, which persist well into winter.  More about Red Sentinel if you click here.

1618 Apple
Discovery
Stowford Orchard
1618-discovery.jpg
1618-discovery.jpg

Discovery is one of the best early-season dessert apples ready to pick and eat around mid-August. Crisp and juicy with a good balance of acidity and sweetness, it is a pretty apple with a deep scarlet flush and creamy white flesh, sometimes stained pink. It is fairly hardy with good disease resistance, making it an easy tree to grow either in the garden or in an orchard. It makes fantastic quantities of juice and will store better than most other early-season apples.

1619 Cypress
Stowford Community CentreYoung tree, possible Western Red Cedar or Lawson Cypress, it will become clear which species as the tree grows.
1620 Fastigiate Pin Oak
Quercus palustris Green Pillar
Connaught Gardens
1620-Pin-Oak-Green-Pillar
1620-Pin-Oak-Green-Pillar
This tree is dedicated to Dorothy and Alan Worthington to celebrate the occasion of their Diamond Wedding Anniversary in July 2020; donated by their daughter-in-law, Ann, with thanks for their legacy of love.   

More about Fastigiate Pin Oak here.
1621 Small Leaved Lime
Tilia cordata
The Knapp
Jon Ball Denise Bickley, Landmark Lime
Jon Ball Denise Bickley, Landmark Lime
Denise & Jon, DCC Landmark Lime
Denise & Jon, DCC Landmark Lime
Donated as a Landmark Tree under the Devon County Council Ash-Die-Back Resilience Programme.  Planted by Jon Ball, Chair Sidmouth Arboretum, and Denise Bickley, Chair Sidmouth Town Council Environment Committee.  
More about Small Leaved Limes if you click here.
1622 Huntingdon Elm
Ulmus x hollandica
Bickwell Valley
1622-elm-huntingdon-bickwell.jpg
1622-elm-huntingdon-bickwell.jpg
huntingdon-elm-bark.jpg
huntingdon-elm-bark.jpg
Huntingdon Elm is an eighteenth century hybrid cross between the native Wych Elm and the Field Elm from Europe.  Recognisable from its heavily patterned bark, it has some resistance to Dutch Elm Disease.  There is another Huntingdon Elm in The Byes, tree 1456 just inside the Salcombe Road entrance.
More about Huntingdon Elm if you click here.
1623 Plume Japanese Red Cedar
Cryptomeria japonica Elegans
Sidbury Cemetery
1263-plume-japanese-red-cedar-foliage.jpg
1263-plume-japanese-red-cedar-foliage.jpg
1263-plume-japanese-red-cedar-bark.jpg
1263-plume-japanese-red-cedar-bark.jpg
A pair of these unusual conifers, a variety of the Japanese Red Cedar which retains the juvenile leaf form, usually adult trees have much more tightly packed leaves.  They are not true Cedars but are members of the Cypress family as can be seen from the female cones which are borne at the end of short, secondary shoots.    
More about Japanese Red Cedars if you click here. 
1624 Western Red Cedar
Thuja plicata
Sidbury Cemetery
1624-western-red-cedar-sidbury-cemetery.jpg
1624-western-red-cedar-sidbury-cemetery.jpg
west-red-cedar-cones.JPG
west-red-cedar-cones.JPG
Not a true Cedar but a member of the Cypress family.  They can grow to a great size and they are an important timber tree, producing aromatic, red timber that is resistant to rot.  Most timber labelled as Cedar is from this species rather than true Cedars.  
More about Western Red Cedars if you click here.
1625 Lawson Cypress
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana
Sidbury Cemetery
lawson-cypress-sidbury-cemetery.jpg
lawson-cypress-sidbury-cemetery.jpg
Distinguished from the widely despised Leyland Cypress by its flattened leaf sprays and red pollen cones at the tips of branches.  
More about Lawson Cypress if you click here.
1626 Hornbeam
Carpinus betulus
Sidbury Cemetery
1627 Western Red Cedar
Thuja plicata
Sidbury Cemetery
1628 Cherry
Prunus sp.
Sidbury Cemetery
1629 Poplar
Populus sp.
Sidbury Cemetery
1630 English Oak
Quercus robur
Sidbury Cemetery
1631 Norway Spruce
Picea abies
Sidbury Cemetery
1632 English Oak
Quercus robur
Sidbury Cemetery
1633 English Oak
Quercus robur
Sidbury Cemetery
1634 Oak
Quercus sp.
Sidbury CemeteryPlanted in 2008 in memory of Tuckers and Mortons buried nearby.
1635 Western Red Cedar
Thuja plicata
Sidbury Cemetery
1636 Field Elm
Ulmus minor
Sidbury Cemetery
1637 Western Red Cedar
Thuja plicata
Sidbury Cemetery
1638 Sawara Cypress
Chamaecyparis pisifera Plumosa
Sidbury Cemetery
1639 Box
Buxus sempervirens
Sidbury Cemetery
1640 Irish Yew
Taxus baccata fastigiata
Sidbury CemeteryFour Irish Yews.
1641 Lawson Cypress
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Pymaea Argentia
Sidbury Cemetery
1642 Box
Buxus sempervirens
Sidbury Cemetery
1643 English Oak
Quercus robur
Sidbury Cemetery
1644 Barbed Wire Bush
Poncirus trifoliata
Blackmore Gardens
Barbed Wire Bush
Barbed Wire Bush
Also called the Hardy Orange and the Chinese Bitter Orange, this citrus bush from Northern China and Korea is well named because of its tangle of thorny branches that form an impenetrable barrier if grown as a hedge.  Unusual among citruses, the leathery leaves are trifoliate and deciduous, but they do have the usual spicy smell if crushed.  The large white flowers are only slightly aromatic and the yellow fruits have a downy skin.
1645 Weeping Silver Birch
Betula pendula Youngii
Sidmouth Cemetery
1646 Yellow Buckeye
Aesculus flava
Sidmouth Cemetery
1647 Snowy Mespilus
Amelanchier lamarckii
Sidmouth Cemetery
1648 Sawara Cypress
Chamaecyparis pisifera
Sidmouth Cemetery
1649 Sawara Cypress
Chamaecyparis pisifera
Sidmouth Cemetery
1650 Lawson's Cypress
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana
Sidmouth Cemetery
1651 Snowy Mespilus
Amelanchier lamarckii
Sidmouth Cemetery
1652 Leyland Cypress
Cupressus x leylandii Castlewellan Gold?
Sidmouth Cemetery
1653 Holly
Ilex aquifolium
Sidmouth CemeteryA male, variegated variety.
1654 Western Red Cedar
Thuja plicata
Sidmouth Cemetery
1655 Sawara Cypress
Chamaecyparis pisifera
Sidmouth Cemetery
1656 Japanese Hiba
Thujopsis dolabrata
Sidmouth CemeteryMore about this unusual false cypress if you click here.
1657 Japanese Red Cedar
Cryptomeria japonica Elegans
Sidmouth Cemetery
1658 Sawara Cypress
Chamaecyparis pisifera
Sidmouth Cemetery
1659 Tulip Tree
Liriodendron tulipifera Aureomarginata
Sidmouth Cemetery
1660 Copper Beech
Fagus sylvatica Purpurea
Sidmouth Cemetery
1661 Coast Redwood
Sequoia sempervirens
Sidmouth Cemetery
1662 Judas Tree
Cercis siliquastrum
Sidmouth Cemetery
1663 Copper Beech
Fagus sylvatica Purpurea
Sidmouth Cemetery
1664 Western Red Cedar
Thuja plicata
Sidmouth Cemetery
1665 Turkey Oak
Quercus cerris
Sidmouth Cemetery
1666 Scots Pine
Pinus sylvestris
Sidmouth Cemetery
1667 Lawson Cypress
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana
Sidmouth Cemetery
1668 Scots Pine
Pinus sylvestris
Sidmouth Cemetery
1669 Red Oak
Quercus rubra
Sidmouth Cemetery
1673 Silver Birch
Betula pendula
All Saints Road
1674 Japanese Yew
Taxus cuspidata
All Saints Road
1675 Common Lime
Tilia x europea
All Saints Road
1676 English Yew
Taxus baccata
All Saints Road
1677 Copper Beech
Fagus sylvatica Purpurea
All Saints Road
1678 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
All Saints Road
1679 Monterey Cypress
Cupressus macrocarpa
Station Road
1680 Corsican Pine
Pinus nigra
Station Road
1681 Holm Oak
Quercus ilex
Station Road
1682 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Powys
1683 Lawson Cypress
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana
All Saints RoadA cultivar with significant yellowing of the foliage.
1684 Silver Birch
Betula pendula
All Saints Road
1685 Holm Oak
Quercus ilex
All Saints Road
1686 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
All Saints RoadThe largest of the conifers in this stand and only really visible from a long way back.
1687 Copper Beech
Fagus sylvatica Purpurea
Station RoadIn a private garden but visible from the road.
1688 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
Cottington CourtA huge tree visible from various locations.
1689 Monterey Pine
Pinus radiata
WithebyA stand of three large trees and the remains of another that was taken right back recently.
1690 Monterey Cypress
Cupressus macrocarpa
Witheby
1691 Crab Apple
Malus sylvestris
All Saints RoadRather swamped by ivy, but a colourful addition to the street scene in April and a welcome food source for early pollinators.
1692 Norway Maple
Acer platanoides
Conservative Club, RadwayA line of Norway Maple along the wall of the car park.
1693 Cherry
Prunus sp.
Mill Street car parkLooking a little lost among the tarmac, but it brightens the scene in April.
1694 Cherry
Prunus sp.
LymebourneA beautiful white cultivar.
1695 Rowan
Sorbus aucuparia
Sid Road Fortescue
1696 Cherry
Prunus sp.
Sid Road Fortescue
1697 Cherry
Prunus sp.
Sidmouth Cemetery
1698 Broad Leaved Cockspur Thorn
Crataegus prunifolia
Southway
1698 Cockspur Thorn
1698 Cockspur Thorn
1698 Cockspur thorns
1698 Cockspur thorns
1698 Cockspur flowers.JPG
1698 Cockspur flowers.JPG
Despite the very different leaves, this is an American cousin to our Hawthorn.  The common name is well chosen, the huge, needle sharp thorns stick out like the spurs of a fighting cock.  The flowers and berries are very similar to its cousin the Hawthorn.  There are other Cockspur Thorns in town, one in the shrubbery beside the swimming pool and one in the Byes by the Lymebourne flats.  More about the Cockspur Thorn if you click here.
1699 Black Poplar
Populus nigra
Southway
1699 Black Poplar
1699 Black Poplar
1699 Black Poplar flowers
1699 Black Poplar flowers
Wild Black Poplars are quite rare because they have been swamped by multiple hybrids.Female Black Poplars are even more rare, but this tree appears to be just that rare thing a female Wild Black Poplar.  The string of female flowers in April release a snowstorm of feathery seeds in the summer.  More about Black Poplar at the Woodland Trust.
1700 Midland Hawthorn
Crataegus laevigata Paul's Scarlet
Market Place
1700 Midland Hawthorn
1700 Midland Hawthorn
One of a pair of Midland Hawthorns planted by the Town Council.  One of two native Hawthorn species, this one seems to be a long way from home, but that is not unusual for Sidmouth's people and trees.  Paul's Scarlet has pink double flowers in May.  More about Paul's Scarlet if you click here.
1701 Hawthorn
Crataegus laevigata Paul's Scarlet
Market Place
1701 Midland Hawthorn
1701 Midland Hawthorn
1701 planted in 2014
1701 planted in 2014
This cultivar of the Midland Hawthorn has pink double flowers.  Planted in 2014 to replace an earlier partner to the other Paul's Scarlet outside the Market Hall.  The planting was marked by Town Council Chairman John Hollick, Councillor John Dyson and Arboretum President Diana East.
More about Midland Hawthorn if you click here.
1702 Black Poplar
Populus nigra
Knapp Pond
1702 Black Poplar Knapp Pond
1702 Black Poplar Knapp Pond
1702 plaque
1702 plaque
Black Poplars used to dominate wet areas, but now they are becoming rare, and even those few that you will see are hybrids mostly.  This true Black Poplar is one of a number planted around the town, including in Peasland Knapp and near The Bowd.  More about Black Poplar from the Woodland Trust.
1703 Weeping Silver Birch
Betula pendula Youngii
Knapp PondOne of two planted by the pond.  The characteristic white bark hides behind the screen of green leaves on the pendulous branches.  More about Weeping Silver Birch if you click here.
1704 Weeping Birch
Betula pendula Youngii
Knapp PondOne of two planted by the pond.  The characteristic white bark hides behind the screen of green leaves on the pendulous branches.  More about Weeping Silver Birch if you click here.
1705 Ash
Fraxinus excelsior
Knapp PondAsh trees grow more quickly than Oaks and this tree is about 75 years, ten years younger than an Oak of similar size.  The worry is that it possibly will not make a century because of the fungal disease ash die that is spreading throughout the valley.  More about Ash trees from the Woodland Trust.
1706 Medlar
Mespilus germanica
Knapp PondOne of several unusual fruit trees and bushes donated by Sidmouth Resident and Patron to the Arboretum Dame Julia Slingo.  Medlars have been cultivated for their strange fruit since Roman times but they have fallen out of favour with English fruit customers and so they are rarely grown commercially.  The fruits have to be bletted ot left to go almost rotten before they are edible and the flavour is an acquired taste.  More about Medlar if you click here.
1707 Scots Pine
Pinus sylvestris
Knapp PondScots Pine is the only native Pine but it seems to be outnumbered in Sidmouth by Monterey Pines from California.  Scots Pines have finely grained bark that appears orange further up the tree, short needles arranged in twos and the small cones mature and fall from the tree after two years.  Monterey Pines have dark, craggy bark, long needles grouped in threes and, easiest to spot, large cones that stay on the tree for years.  This tree is about 80 years old.  More about Scots Pine if you click here.
1708 Hawthorn
Crataegus monogyna
Knapp PondShooting upwards fighting for light between the Pine and an Apple tree. With its nectar and pollen rich flowers in May and its red berries in autumn and winter, this native tree is a boon for wildlife. More about Hawthorn if you click here.
1709 Plum
Prunus domestica
Knapp PondOne of several fruit trees donated by Dame Julia Slingo, Sidmouth resident and Patron to Sidmouth Arboretum.  More about plums if you click here.
1710 Field Elm
Ulmus minor
Knapp Pond
1711 Field Maple
Acer campestre
Knapp PondOur native member of the Acer genus.  This tree would be much taller but it has been cut back early in its life.  It has the characteristic double winged fruits called samaras but, unlike Sycamore and Norway Maple, the wings are set at 180 degrees in more or less a straight line.  More about Fild Maple if you click here.
1712 Scots Pine
Pinus sylvestris
Sidmouth Cemetery